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Les quartiers pauvres à Antananarivo : enfermement ou support ?

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  • Jean-Michel Wachsberger

    ()
    (DIAL, Lasmas, Gracc)

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    Abstract

    The poor neighbourhoods of Antananarivo present an amalgamation of all urban ills: threat of flooding during the rainy season, overcrowded living conditions, almost complete lack of access to running water, frequent problems of drugs and violence, bad reputation, etc. These negative aspects are all the more likely to have an impact on the well-being and social trajectories of the adults who live in these areas since they were often born there and stay there as if imprisoned. However, the people living in these areas do not want to move and even frequently express the wish to remain in their neighbourhood. To identify the reasons underlying this attachment to an area, the work presented here uses the data supplied by a representative survey carried out in Antananarivo in 2003 on a sample of 2,807 individuals from different households. The results of the statistical analysis show that despite the many handicaps to be found in the poor neighbourhoods, people have a sense of belonging there that provides them with a common identity. This is all the more important since they lack other means of establishing their social identity. _________________________________ Les quartiers pauvres d’Antananarivo sont un agrégat concentré de tous les maux urbains : menace d’inondation pendant la saison des pluies, entassements humains, quasi-absence d’accès à l’eau courante, fréquence des problèmes de drogue et de violence, mauvaise réputation, etc. Ces aspects négatifs sont d’autant plus susceptibles d’affecter le bien-être et les trajectoires sociales des adultes y logeant que ceux-ci y sont fréquemment nés et y demeurent comme enfermés. Pourtant, les habitants de ces quartiers ne souhaitent pas déménager et expriment même fréquemment le désir de rester dans leur quartier. Pour identifier les raisons qui président à un tel attachement au quartier, le travail présenté ici utilise les données fournies par une enquête représentative menée à Antananarivo en 2003 auprès de 2.807 individus de ménages différents. Les résultats de l’analyse statistique montrent qu’en dépit des nombreux handicaps que ces quartiers présentent, ils constituent bien souvent pour les individus y logeant un support identitaire d’autant plus important que les autres types de support sur lesquels ils pourraient compter sont déficients.

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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2006/2006-05
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2006/05.

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    Length: 21 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200605

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    Related research

    Keywords: Neighbourhood effects; social support; poverty; inequalities; Effets de quartier; supports sociaux; pauvreté; inégalités;

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