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Courbe de Beveridge et demande de qualifications

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Author Info

  • Sneessens, Henri

    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES); Université catholique de Lille, Faculté Libre de Sciences Economiques)

Abstract

Cet article analyse les causes possibles de la détérioration de la relation observée entre emplois vacants et chômage (la courbe de Beveridge). L’analyse est basée sur un modèle macro-économique distinguant deux niveaux de qualification, dans lequel les entreprises peuvent être contraintes soit par un manque de débouchés, ou par un manque de capacités de production, ou encore par un manque de main d’œuvre qualifiée et de l’inadéquation entre structure de l’offre et structure de la demande de travail en termes de qualifications. Les résultats d’estimation sur données annuelles (1962-89) suggèrent un faible accroissement des frictions et un accroissement appréciable des problèmes structurels. Le taux de chômage structurel serait ainsi passé de 1,12% en 1962 à 6,41% en 1989 (le taux de chômage observé est passé de 1,42% à 9,51%). Le déplacement observé de la courbe de Beveridge semble donc correspondre à un phénomène bien réel, et non à un simple artefact statistique.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) with number 1993019.

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Length: 28
Date of creation: 01 Apr 1993
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:1993019

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Postal: Place Montesquieu 3, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)
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Web page: http://www.uclouvain.be/ires
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Related research

Keywords: demande; production;

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Cited by:
  1. Didier Blanchet, 1995. "Inégalité, spécialisation, progrès technique et développement de services non qualifiés locaux," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 120(4), pages 1-13.
  2. Cockx, Bart, 1999. "The Design of Active Labour Market Policies. What Matters and What Doesn't ?," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 1999035, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  3. François Legendre, 1999. "Qu'a-t-on appris sur le lien salaire/ emploi grâce à l'économétrie ?," Cahiers d'Économie Politique, Programme National Persée, vol. 34(1), pages 221-255.

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