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Financial Hardship Before and After Social Security's Early Eligibility Age

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  • Richard W. Johnson
  • Gordon B.T. Mermin

Abstract

Although poverty rates for Americans ages 65 and older have plunged over the past half century, many people continue to fall into poverty in their late fifties and early sixties. This study examines financial hardship rates in the years before qualifying for Social Security retirement benefits at age 62 and investigates how the availability of Social Security improves economic well-being at later ages. The analysis follows a sample of adults from the 1937-39 birth cohort for 14 years, tracking their employment, disability status, and income as they age from their early 50s until their late 60s. It measures the share of older adults who appear to have been forced into retirement by health or employment shocks and the apparent impact of involuntary retirement on low-income rates. The study also estimates models of the likelihood that older adults experience financial hardship before reaching Social Security’s early eligibility age.

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File URL: http://crr.bc.edu/working-papers/financial-hardship-before-and-after-social-securitys-early-eligibility-age/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Retirement Research in its series Working Papers, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College with number wp2009-8.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2009
Date of revision: Mar 2009
Handle: RePEc:crr:crrwps:wp2009-8

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Cited by:
  1. Milligan, Kevin, 2013. "Employer-provided pensions, incomes, and hardship in early transitions to retirement," CLSSRN working papers, Vancouver School of Economics clsrn_admin-2013-24, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 29 Apr 2013.
  2. Richard W. Johnson & Melissa M. Favreault & Corina Mommaerts, 2009. "Work Ability and the Social Insurance Safety Net in the Years Prior to Retirement," Working Papers, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, Center for Retirement Research wp2009-28, Center for Retirement Research, revised Nov 2009.
  3. Kevin S. Milligan, 2012. "How is Economic Hardship Avoided by Those Retiring Before the Social Security Entitlement Age?," NBER Working Papers 18051, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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