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Small Firms and R&D Spillovers: Evidence from Italy

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  • Audretsch, David B
  • Vivarelli, Marco

Abstract

The recent emergence in the industrial organization literature of a wave of studies identifying small firms as being at least as innovative as their larger counterparts poses something of a paradox. Where do small firms get their knowledge generating inputs? The purpose of this paper is to link innovative inputs to innovative outputs. This allows for an identification of the extent to which spillovers exist between major sources generating new knowledge, such as the R&D laboratories of private and public firms, as well as universities, to the innovative activity of large and small enterprises. Based on 15 Italian regions over nine years, the empirical evidence suggests that, while firm R&D expenditures contribute to the generation of innovative output for all firms and specifically for small firms, the spillovers from universities are apparently more important for small-firm innovation than for their larger counterparts.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 927.

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Date of creation: Mar 1994
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:927

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Related research

Keywords: Firm Size; Innovation; R&D; R&D Spillovers; Technological Change;

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Cited by:
  1. Cathy Hoareau & Pierre Mohnen, 2002. "What Type Of Enterprise Forges Close Links With Universities And Government Labs? Evidence From CIS 2," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-25, CIRANO.
  2. Tavassoli, Sam & Carbonara , Nunzia, 2013. "The Role of Knowledge Variety and Intensity for Regional Innovative Capability," CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers 2013/34, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
  3. Claudia Burgio-Ficca & Hristos Doucouliagos, 2007. "Substitution And Complementarity In The Creation And Communication Of Australian University Research ," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 170-190, 06.
  4. Harabi, Najib, 1995. "Channels of R&D Spillovers: An Empirical Investigation," MPRA Paper 26270, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Mario Pianta & Andrea Vaona, 2006. "Firm size and Innovation in European Manufacturing," Kiel Working Papers 1284, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  6. Mark Rogers, 2000. "Understanding Innovative Firms: An Empirical Analysis of the GAPS," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2000n08, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  7. Sam Tavassoli & Nunzia Carbonara, 2013. "The Role of Knowledge Variety and Intensity for Regional Innovative Capability - Swedish evidence," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1317, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Oct 2013.
  8. Natário, Maria Manuela & Almeida Couto, João Pedro & Couto de Sousa, Maura Helena, 2012. "Innovation Processes of SMEs in Less Favoured Municipalities of Portugal," Investigaciones Regionales, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 22, pages 81-103.
  9. Peaucelle, Irina, 1998. "Firms innovation activity and patenting : Russian case in mind," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9809, CEPREMAP.
  10. Raquel Ortega-Argilés & Marco Vivarelli & Peter Voigt, 2009. "R&D in SMEs: a paradox?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 3-11, June.
  11. Sotiris Karkalakos, 2011. "Identifying and Exploring Sources of Knowledge Spillovers in European Union: Evidence from Patenting Data," SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, University of Piraeus, vol. 61(3-4), pages 7-25, July - De.
  12. Alex Hoen, 2001. "Clusters: Determinants and Effects," CPB Memorandum 17, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  13. Carbonara, Nunzia & Tavassoli, Sam, 2013. "The Role of Knowledge Heterogeneity on the Innovative Capability of Industrial Districts," CITR Working Paper Series 2012/10, Center for Innovation and Technology Research, Blekinge Institute of Technology.
  14. Massimo Cermelli & Pier Francesco Asso & Vito Pipitone, 2013. "Strategies to innovate in SMEs: analyzing the key factors of internationalization and interaction in Basque and Sicilian firms," ERSA conference papers ersa13p649, European Regional Science Association.

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