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Can Buybacks Be A Product of Shorter Shareholder Horizons?

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  • Gaspar, José-Miguel
  • Massa, Massimo
  • Matos, Pedro Pinto
  • Patgiri, Rajdeep
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    Abstract

    We examine how shareholder investment horizons influence firms’ payout decisions. We find that US firms held by short-term institutional investors have a higher propensity to buybacks shares instead of using dividends. Firm managers seem to respond to the preferred payout policy of investors in their shareholder base. Share buybacks are used by if managers want to appease short-term oriented shareholders, while firms pay dividends if their stock is mostly held by long-term investors who have less need to liquidate their investment and may have a better tax treatment with dividends. We document two effects of investor pressure: for firms initiating payouts through a share buyback we find that the market reaction is lower the more short-term investors are holding the firm’s stock, because such payout decisions are less well monitored; for firms that have already a payout policy at present, the market reacts more positively (and only temporarily) to a buyback in line with investor catering effects. Our findings help explain some of the puzzling recent findings relating the rise in institutional investment to a higher use of share buybacks.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 4813.

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    Date of creation: Dec 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4813

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    Keywords: institutional investors; investment horizon; investor catering; payout policy; repurchases; shareholder heterogeneity; short-termism;

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