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Growth and European Integration: Towards an Empirical Assessment

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  • Baldwin, Richard
  • Seghezza, Elena

Abstract

Broadly speaking, European integration affects growth by stimulating the accumulation of physical capital and/or knowledge capital (i.e. technology). This paper surveys existing empirical work on integration and growth concluding that there is strong evidence that trade liberalization promotes growth by boosting investment in physical capital. Because European integration has substantially liberalized European trade, we conclude that it has promoted European growth. We find much less econometric support for trade-induced technology-led growth. Nonetheless cross-country data reveals a rough correlation between the national total factor productivity growth rates and the degree (and duration) of European integration. Our exploratory regressions into this phenomenon prove inconclusive, but we suggest several directions for future research.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 1393.

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Date of creation: May 1996
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1393

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Related research

Keywords: European Integration; Growth and Trade; Trade-induced Investment-led Growth;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Wilhelm Kohler & Christian Arndt & Anselm Mattes & Michael Knogler & Fidelis Lankes & Jarko Fidmuc, 2007. "Die neuen Mitglieder: Motor oder Bremse der europäischen Integration?," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(14), pages 03-20, 07.
  2. Kari E.O.Alho & Ville Kaitila & Mika Widgrén, 2005. "Speed of Convergence and Relocation - New EU Member Countries Catching up with the Old," Economics Working Papers 034, European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes.
  3. Henrekson, Magnus & Torstensson, Rasha, 1996. "Growth Effects of European Integration," CEPR Discussion Papers 1465, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Ziltener, Patrick, 2002. "Wirtschaftliche Effekte des EU-Binnenmarktprogramms," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 15, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  5. Beckmann, Rainer & Hebler, Martin & Kösters, Wim & Neimke, Markus, 2000. "Theoretische Konzepte zum Europäischen Integrationsprozeß: Ein aktueller Überblick
    [Theoretical concepts for the process of European integration: A current overview]
    ," MPRA Paper 35703, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Patrick Vanhoudt, 1999. "Did the European unification induce economic growth? In search of scale effects and persistent changes," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 135(2), pages 193-220, June.
  7. Zaiter Lahimer, Mahjouba, 2011. "L’impact des entrées de capitaux privés sur la croissance économique dans les pays en développement," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/7670 edited by Sterdyniak, Henri.
  8. World Bank, 2001. "Bulgaria : The Dual Challenge of Transition and Accession," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13958, January.
  9. Gabriele Tondl, 1999. "What Determined the Uneven Growth of Europe´s Southern Regions? An Empirical Study with Panel Data," Working Papers geewp04, Vienna University of Economics Research Group: Growth and Employment in Europe: Sustainability and Competitiveness.
  10. Luis C. Corchon, 2005. "Trade And Growth: A Simple Model With Not-So-Simple Implications," Economics Working Papers we055424, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  11. Kaitila, Ville, 2004. "Integration and Conditional Convergence in the Enlarged EU Area," Discussion Papers 935, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Gabriele Tondl, 2002. "Trade, Human Capital and Innovation: The Engines of European Regional Growth in the 1990s," Computing in Economics and Finance 2002 237, Society for Computational Economics.
  13. Harald Badinger, 2005. "Growth Effects of Economic Integration: Evidence from the EU Member States," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 141(1), pages 50-78, April.
  14. Alho, Kari E.O. & Kaitila, Ville & Widgrén, Mika, 2008. "Offshoring, Relocation and the Speed of Convergence in the Enlarged European Union," Discussion Papers 1156, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  15. Alan V. Deardorff & Robert M. Stern, 2002. "EU Expansion and EU Growth," Working Papers 487, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  16. L. Alan Winters, 2000. "Regionalism and Multilateralism in the Twenty-First Century," IDB Publications 8749, Inter-American Development Bank.
  17. Kaitila, Ville, 2003. "Convergence of Real GDP per Capita in the EU15 area: How do the Accession Countries Fit in ?," Discussion Papers 865, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

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