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Después de la inundación

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  • Andrés Sánchez Jabba

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Abstract

El principal objetivo de este trabajo consiste en realizar una evaluación del estado en que quedó el sur del Departamento del Atlántico, en particular el Municipio de Santa Lucía, después de la inundación que se produjo como consecuencia de la ruptura del Canal del Dique, el 30 de noviembre de 2010. Para ello se presentan cifras asociadas a las afectaciones que la inundación generó sobre la población, se hace énfasis en un análisis socioeconómico antes y después de la tragedia, aparte del seguimiento a indicadores relacionados con la ejecución de los recursos asignados para atender la emergencia invernal. La información recopilada permite concluir que la emergencia en esta subregión es persistente debido a la poca eficiencia y fallas institucionales asociadas a la estrategia de apoyo, lo que resta celeridad en la ejecución de la misma. Dicho resultado es particularmente evidente cuando se compara al Atlántico con el Departamento del Valle del Cauca. Finalmente, se recomienda la elaboración de normas técnicas y operativas, las cuales establezcan las metodologías y lineamientos específicos a seguir por los operadores designados para la estrategia de apoyo, antes de la ocurrencia de un desastre natural, o en su defecto, la designación de un ente dedicado exclusivamente a elaborar e implementar los protocolos de intervención requeridos para reparar o rehabilitar los distintos componentes afectados por un desastre natural. ABSTRACT: This paper evaluates the conditions of the southern part of the Department of Atlántico, Colombia, emphasizing on the municipality of Santa Lucía, after the massive flood that took place in this territory as a result of the breach of the levee canal, the 30th of November of 2010. For this purpose, I present a flood aftermath, an analysis the economic and social state of the population before and after the event, and a ground of indicators related to flood relief resource management and execution. The information gathered allows us to conclude that there is a persistent state of emergency in this territory, due to the reduced efficiency and institutional gaps associated to the relief strategy, which account for the observed delay. This result becomes increasingly evident when comparing the Department of Atlántico with its equivalent in terms of affected population, the Department of Valle del Cauca. Finally, we recommend the establishment of operative and technical standards, which fix the specific guidelines to be followed by operators coped to the relief strategy, before the occurrence of a natural disaster. This should be carried on in accordance with a major emphasis towards the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the affected infrastructure, allowing increases in social welfare and economic activity recovery.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 008894.

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Date of creation: 11 Aug 2011
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008894

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Keywords: Inundación; sur del Atlántico; Santa Lucía; fenómeno de La Niña" 2010-2011.";

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