Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Combatiendo la mortalidad en la niñez: ¿son las reformas a los servicios básicos una buena estrategia?

Contents:

Author Info

  • Andrea Otero Cortés

    ()

Abstract

In this paper, we analyze the impact that the reforms introduced by the Law 142 of 1994, for the modification of the potable water and sewerage systems, had on the child mortality rate. These reforms, for one side, allowed the entrance of private companies into the public services provision market and, for the other side, they let public companies change their legal person status and operate under the private commercial law under certain conditions. We estimated the impact of the Law 142 using a quantile regression with treatment variable model called Quantile Treatment Effects. We estimated a parametric and a non-parametric version of the model for a sample of 492 municipalities. According to the results, in general, the reforms did not have any positive impact on the child mortality rate. In fact, for the higher quantiles of the distribution of mortality, we found that the municipalities which did not reform their provision of potable water and sewerage services experienced a bigger decrease in their child mortality rate than in the municipalities that reformed their services. RESUMEN: En el presente documento se analiza el impacto que las reformas introducidas por la Ley 142 de 1994 para modificar el sistema de provisión de acueducto y alcantarillado tuvieron sobre la mortalidad de menores de 5 años. Dichas reformas permitieron, por un lado, la entrada de firmas privadas al mercado de provisión de servicios públicos y, por otra parte, cambiar la persona jurídica de las empresas públicas ya establecidas para poder regirse bajo el derecho comercial privado. La estimación del impacto de la Ley 142 se realizó mediante un modelo de regresión por cuantiles con variables de tratamiento llamado Quantile Treatment Effects. El modelo se estimó en versión paramétrica y también en versión no paramétrica para una muestra de 492 municipios. De acuerdo con los resultados obtenidos en las dos versiones estimadas, en términos generales, las reformas no tuvieron impacto positivo sobre la mortalidad de menores de 5 años. En efecto, para los cuantiles más altos de la distribución de mortalidad, se observa que los municipios que no reformaron la provisión de los servicios de acueducto y alcantarillado, experimentaron un mayor descenso en la tasa de mortalidad que aquellos que sí reformaron.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/documentos/publicaciones/regional/documentos/DTSER-139.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 008153.

as in new window
Length: 0
Date of creation: 07 Mar 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008153

Contact details of provider:

Related research

Keywords: Mortalidad menores de 5 años; Provisión de Agua Potable y Alcantarillado; Regulación.;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000102:008153. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Banco De La República - Economía Regional).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.