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Demanda por Servicios Públicos Domiciliarios en Colombia y Subsidios: Implicaciones sobre el Bienestar

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  • Carlos Medina

    ()

  • Leonardo Fabio Morales

    ()

Abstract

En el presente trabajo se estiman funciones de demanda por los servicios públicos domiciliarios de agua y electricidad para una muestra de las ciudades más importantes en el país. Teniendo como fuente de información la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida 2003 se utiliza una metodología no lineal que aprovecha las particularidades de la función de oferta de estos bienes (bloque de precios crecientes, IBP), para identificar la demanda. Con la estimación de la función de demanda se obtienen elasticidades ingreso y precio, y se estima el efecto que tiene un incremento en el precio del consumo básico sobre el bienestar de las familias beneficiarias a través de la variación compensada y la pérdida irrecuperable, la cual se cuantifica en aproximadamente US$35 millones por año, por concepto de los subsidios brutos en acueducto, alcantarillado y electricidad.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 004293.

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Length: 38
Date of creation: 14 Nov 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000094:004293

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Keywords: Focalización de subsidios; Incidencia; bienestar; funciones de demanda de servicios públicos domiciliarios.;

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References

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  1. Lester D. Taylor, 1975. "The Demand for Electricity: A Survey," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 6(1), pages 74-110, Spring.
  2. James J. Heckman, 1977. "Dummy Endogenous Variables in a Simultaneous Equation System," NBER Working Papers 0177, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Carlos Medina & Leonardo Morales, . "Stratification and Public Utility Services in Colombia: Subsidies to Households or Distortions on Housing Prices?," Borradores de Economia 422, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  4. Baker, Paul & Blundell, Richard & Micklewright, John, 1989. "Modelling Household Energy Expenditures Using Micro-data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 720-38, September.
  5. Alejandro Gaviria & Carlos Medina & Carolina Mejia, 2006. "Assessing Health Reform in Colombia: From Theory to Practice," JOURNAL OF LACEA ECONOMIA, LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
  6. Hausman, Jerry A, 1981. "Exact Consumer's Surplus and Deadweight Loss," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(4), pages 662-76, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Shaun McRae, 2009. "Infrastructure Quality and the Subsidy Trap," Discussion Papers 09-017, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, revised Nov 2009.
  2. Espinosa Acuña, Óscar A. & Vaca González, Paola A. & Avila Forero, Raúl A., 2013. "Elasticidades de demanda por electricidad e impactos macroecon_omicos del precio de la energía eléctrica en Colombia || Elasticity of Electricity Demand and Macroeconomics Impacts of Electricity Pri," Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa = Journal of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, vol. 16(1), pages 216-249, December.

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