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El desempleo en América Latina y el Caribe


Author Info

  • Laurence Ball


  • Nicolás De Roux


  • Marc Hofstetter



Este estudio construye nuevas series de tasas de desempleo para Latinoamérica y el Caribe y estudia sus determinantes. Al comparar diferentes países encontramos que el desempleo está influenciado por el tamaño de la población rural y que los efectos de las regulaciones gubernamentales son generalmente débiles. También examinamos aumentos prolongados y persistentes del desempleo en el tiempo y encontramos que se originan en contracciones de la demanda agregada. Estas contracciones son el resultado ya sea de políticas monetarias desinflacionarias o de la defensa de una tasa de cambio fija ante salidas de capital. Nuestra evidencia da soporte a las teorías de histéresis según las cuales cambios de corto plazo en la tasa de desempleo influencian su tasa natural.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 009324.

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Length: 44
Date of creation: 31 Jan 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:009324

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Related research

Keywords: desempleo; histéresis; política monetaria; América Latina y el Caribe.;

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Cited by:
  1. Peña, Ximena, 2013. "The formal and informal sectors in Colombia : country case study on labour market segmentation," ILO Working Papers 482088, International Labour Organization.


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