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La fecundidad y el acceso a los servicios de salud reproductiva en el contexto de la movilidad social en América Latina y el Caribe

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Author Info

  • Carmen Elisa Flórez

    ()

  • Victoria Eugenia Soto

    ()

Abstract

La reducción de la fecundidad ha ocurrido en todos los países de la región Latinoamericana, como consecuencia de un descenso en la fecundidad deseada y un aumento en el uso de métodos modernos de planificación familiar. Los descensos en fecundidad -deseada y observada- no han sido homogéneos entre estratos sociales, observándose un patrón claro entre grupos de países en todos los indicadores de estratificación social, el cual favorece la disminución de las inequidades mucho más en los países de transición avanzada que en los países de fecundidad rezagada. Para promover descensos en la fecundidad es necesario primero promover descensos en la fecundidad deseada, y luego promover la aceptación, el acceso y el uso de métodos modernos de planificación familiar. La educación ha demostrado ser uno de los canales efectivos para disminuir la fecundidad deseada y observada. Con el fin de facilitar la movilidad social, estos procesos deben incentivarse especialmente en los grupos de estrato social bajo, y en los países de fecundidad rezagada.

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File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/documentocede2007-16.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 004012.

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Length: 71
Date of creation: 14 Aug 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:004012

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Related research

Keywords: fecundidad; salud sexual y reproductiva; movilidad social;

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Cited by:
  1. Diego Amador & Raquel Bernal & Ximena Peña, 2013. "The Rise in Female Participation in Colombia: Fertility, Marital Status or Education?," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 010551, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.

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