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Les trajectoires résidentielles des nouveaux immigrants à Montréal : Une analyse longitudinale et conjoncturelle

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  • Nong Zhu
  • Xavier Leloup
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    Abstract

    Using the data from the longitudinal study “L’Établissement des nouveaux immigrants (ÉNI)”, this paper analyses the residential trajectories of new immigrants in Montreal during the 1990’s. Two methodologies were applied. First, survival models were used to identify the factors that determine the probabilities of moving and of access to homeownership. Second, the immigrants’ mobility within the Montreal metropolitan area was analysed with conditional Logit models. The results show that high-skilled immigrants have a better situation on the housing market, and that there is a strong relation between employment and housing. We also notice a residential dispersion from downtown to the suburbs, especially in spaces where the houses are older and the average income lower. Apart from that, our results illustrate the process of residential concentration, for immigrants from the industrial countries, as well as for people from third-world countries. À l’aide des données de l’enquête sur l’Établissement des nouveaux immigrants (ÉNI), nous examinons les trajectoires résidentielles des nouveaux immigrants à Montréal pendant les années 1990. Nous utilisons d’abord les modèles de durée pour identifier les facteurs qui influencent les probabilités de déménager et de devenir propriétaire. Ensuite, nous analysons les déplacements des immigrants à l’intérieur de la RMR de Montréal en utilisant le modèle Logit conditionnel. Les résultats montrent que les immigrants plus qualifiés se trouvent dans une situation plus favorable sur le marché du logement et que la trajectoire résidentielle des immigrants est étroitement liée à leur emploi. Nous constatons une dispersion résidentielle du centre-ville vers les espaces périphériques dont le cadre bâti est plus ancien et le revenu moyen plus faible. De plus, nos résultats témoignent d’une concentration résidentielle tant chez les immigrants provenant des pays en développement que chez ceux provenant des pays développés.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2014s-01.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jan 2014
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    Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2014s-01

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    Keywords: Residential mobility; immigration; Montreal; econometrics analyses; Mobilité résidentielle; immigrants; Montréal; analyses économétriques;

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    1. Eric Fong & Kumiko Shibuya, 2000. "The spatial separation of the poor in Canadian cities," Demography, Springer, vol. 37(4), pages 449-459, November.
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