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La prime au travail vs La prime pour l’emploi : l’effet sur le retour à l’emploi

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  • Samir Amine

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Abstract

The development of working poor class led the concerned countries to look for policies to reduce this poverty in the work without interfering with the flexibility of the labor market as in the case of the minimum wage legislation. In this perspective, several measures were implemented. Following the example of the Prime Pour l’Emploi adopted in France, Quebec established the Prime au Travail in order to increase the labor supply and to improve the situation of the low salaries. Nevertheless, these social policies of assistance to the poorest are generally ineffective because of externalities led on the behavior of the workers so creating the inactivity trap. In a context of economic crisis stressing the budget deficits of most of the developed countries, this article aims at estimating the effects of these two policies on the labor market participation as well as on the situation of low incomes. The entire document will be available soon. Le développement de la classe des « working poor » a amené les différents pays concernés à chercher des moyens de lutter contre cette pauvreté au travail sans pour autant interférer avec la flexibilité du marché du travail comme peut le faire la législation sur le salaire minimum. Dans cette perspective, plusieurs mesures ont vu le jour. Suivant l’exemple la prime pour l’emploi adoptée en France, le Québec a instauré la prime au travail dans l’objectif d’accroître l’offre de travail et d’améliorer la situation des bas salaires. Néanmoins, ces politiques sociales d’assistance aux plus pauvres sont généralement inefficaces du fait des externalités induites sur le comportement des travailleurs créant ainsi une trappe d’inactivité. Dans un contexte de crise économique accentuant les déficits budgétaires de la plupart des pays développés, ce rapport vise à évaluer les effets de ces deux dispositifs sur le retour à l’emploi ainsi que sur la situation des faibles revenus. Le document complet sera disponible ultérieurement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2010s-21.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2010s-21

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Keywords: Prime pour l’Emploi; Prime au Travail; Social Policies; Labor Market Participation.; prime pour l’emploi; prime au travail; politiques sociales; retour à l’emploi.;

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