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Revue des réglementations applicables au stockage et au transport des matières dangereuses au Québec

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  • Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin

    ()

  • Sébastien Favre
  • Ingrid Peignier

    ()

  • Martin Trépanier

Abstract

Industrial activity requires the production and the use of dangerous goods in the chemical plants. It also requires their transport between these installations. These products induce risks on the plants sites, but also between them, because of their transport while passing by the temporary storage sites and the loading and unloading activities. This report presents a review of regulations applicable to storage, handling, and transportation of dangerous goods in Quebec. These various laws/regulations will force the logistic choices of the companies which produce, use or transport dangerous goods (for example, obligation of a transport mode for particular dangerous goods, threshold quantity imposed for storage, obligation to transport, etc…). Thus, in the first part, we analyzed the regulations concerning public safety, environment, transport and work safety and security. We also flew over the American regulations taking into account the proximity of Canada with this country and the importance of north-south transport flow. In the second part of this report, we were more interested to explain the possible similarities, disparities and contradictions between each analyzed regulation. The complete version of this publication is confidential. NOTE This research was carried out within the framework of the research project GLOBAL. The objective of the “GLOBAL” research project set up by INERIS (National Institute of the Industrial Environment and the Risks) in France is to develop a methodology to evaluate the risk of storage and transportation of dangerous goods. Actually, industrial activity requires the production and the use of dangerous goods in the chemical plants. It also requires their transport between these installations. These products induce risks on the plants sites, but also between them, because of their transport. Today, regulations constrain on one hand chemical plants to minimise their risks and on the other hand the transport of dangerous goods. This is in this context that the present GLOBAL project will examine how the logistic strategies of the industrialists can influence the risks due to the transport of dangerous goods. For example, by minimising the quantities stored in the fixed installations, does one increase the risks due to transport and in this case, up to what extent? Thus the main objectives of the research are: first to examine new risks assessments methods in order top provide harmonised quantification of the chemical risks and to propose possible policies for the global decrease of risks. The collaboration of the CIRANO and the École Polytechnique de Montréal to the GLOBAL project consist, on the one hand, of several operations performed jointly with INERIS (our team taking care of the application in Quebec of these operations): Description of the activities of storage and transportation of dangerous goods (meetings with actors of the logistics chain of dangerous goods + survey by questionnaires) (operation A). Review of regulations applicable to the storage and transportation of dangerous goods (operation B); Review of existing databases on the accidents implicating dangerous goods (operation C); In addition, our team will work on the two following research themes: Economic evaluation of the costs of the transport of dangerous goods Analysis of the logistic strategies in a context of storage and transport of dangerous goods and economic incentive. It consist actually in trying to understand which are the costs associated with transport of dangerous goods and on the other hand understand the arbitration made by facilities in their logistic strategies, for example, transport versus storage but also in the choices of carriers, choice of itineraries, choice of transport mode,…. We would like to measure the economic cost of the transport of the dangerous goods, to know the factors which influence the logistic choices (for example, necessary training of the workers, working conditions, history of accidents, comparison of the amount of CSST premium, reputation of the carriers, etc.) and to evaluate if the fact of having a total knowledge of the risk (storage and transport) and of its potential impacts would modify the global decisions. The purpose is to study a few cases which might induce a transfer of risk from the fixed installations towards freight vehicles of dangerous goods, for example by decreasing the quantity stored in the fixed installations and by increasing the quantity stored temporarily in the bulks. It will consist in understanding the mechanisms of the transfer, judging their interest and their disadvantages, finding means of avoiding them if the disadvantages are significant, and then considering solutions of global management of the dangerous goods. This report presents the operation B of the GLOBAL project, i.e. “Review of regulations applicable to storage, handling, and transportation of dangerous goods in Quebec” (regulations concerning public safety, environment, transport and work safety and security). L’activité industrielle nécessite la production et l’emploi de matières dangereuses mais aussi le transport de celles-ci entre les installations fixes. Ces matières représentent donc des risques sur les sites industriels mais également entre ces sites du fait de leur transport en passant par les installations de stockage temporaire et les activités de chargement et de déchargement. Ce rapport dresse un état des lieux des réglementations qui s’appliquent au stockage, à la manipulation et au transport de matières dangereuses au Québec. Ces différentes lois/réglementations vont contraindre les choix logistiques des entreprises qui produisent, utilisent ou transportent des matières dangereuses (par exemple, obligation d’un mode de transport pour certaines matières dangereuses, quantité seuil imposée pour le stockage, obligation de transporter, etc…). Ainsi, dans un premier temps, nous avons analysé les réglementations touchant la Sécurité Publique, l’Environnement, le Transport et la Santé Sécurité au Travail. Nous avons survolé également les réglementations américaines compte tenu de la proximité du Canada avec ce pays et surtout de l’importance des flux de transport Nord/Sud. Dans un second temps, nous nous sommes intéressés davantage à expliquer les éventuelles concordances, disparités et contradictions entre chacune des réglementations analysées.) La version complète de ce rapport est confidentielle. NOTE Cette recherche a été effectuée dans le cadre du projet de recherche GLOBAL. L’objectif du projet de recherche « GLOBAL » mis en place par l’INERIS (Institut National de l’Environnement Industriel et des Risques) en France est de développer une méthodologie d’évaluation des risques permettant de prendre en compte globalement les risques liés au stockage et au transport des marchandises dangereuses. Cette méthode devrait permettre d’évaluer les effets des mesures prises en tenant compte des effets induits éventuels. Elle permettra aussi de donner une base plus objective aux décisions publiques en matière de maîtrise des risques technologiques (mesure de l’impact et des effets d’une réglementation existante, mise en place d’une nouvelle réglementation, « coordination » des réglementations existantes sous différents ministères – par exemple, Sécurité Publique, Transport, Santé, Environnement). La collaboration du CIRANO et de l’École Polytechnique de Montréal au projet « GLOBAL » de l’INERIS porte d’une part sur plusieurs opérations effectuées conjointement (notre équipe se chargeant de l’application québécoise de ces opérations) : Description des activités de stockage et de transport des matières dangereuses (rencontres des acteurs de la chaîne logistique de MD + enquête par questionnaires) (opération A); Revue des réglementations applicables au stockage et transport des matières dangereuses (opération B); Revue des bases de données existantes sur les accidents impliquant des matières dangereuses (opération C). D’autre part, notre équipe se chargera des deux volets de recherche suivants : Évaluation économique des coûts du transport de matières dangereuses; Analyse des stratégies logistiques dans un contexte de stockage et de transport de matières dangereuses et incitations économiques. D’une manière générale, il s’agira d’essayer de comprendre quels sont les coûts associés au transport de matières dangereuses et l’arbitrage fait par les entreprises dans leurs choix de stratégies logistiques, d’une part transport versus stockage mais aussi dans les choix des transporteurs, choix des itinéraires, choix du mode de transport,.... Nous allons chercher à savoir comment mesurer le coût économique du transport des produits dangereux et identifier quels sont les facteurs qui influencent les choix logistiques et si le fait d’avoir une connaissance globale du risque (stockage et transport) et de ses impacts potentiels modifierait les décisions. Cette analyse économique des stratégies logistiques des entreprises (contraintes et choix) devrait permettre de mettre en évidence les incitatifs (par le biais ou non de la réglementation) qui permettraient l’atteinte d’un optimum global (coût et risque minimisés). Ce rapport présente l’opération B du projet GLOBAL, c'est-à-dire la revue des réglementations applicables au stockage et au transport des matières dangereuses au Québec (réglementations touchant la Sécurité Publique, l’Environnement, le Transport et la Santé-Sécurité au Travail).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Project Reports with number 2006rp-11.

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Date of creation: 01 Dec 2006
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirpro:2006rp-11

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Keywords: dangerous goods; transport; storage; regulations; logistic; strategy; matières dangereuses; transport; stockage; réglementations; logistique; stratégie;

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Cited by:
  1. Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin & Ingrid Peignier & Martin Trépanier, 2012. "Les pratiques organisationnelles de sécurité chez les transporteurs routiers de matières dangereuses au Québec," CIRANO Project Reports 2012rp-21, CIRANO.

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