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Civic Community in Small-Town America: How Civic Welfare is Influenced by Local Capitalism and Civic Engagement

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  • Thomas A Lyson
  • Michael D Irwin
  • Charles M Tolbert
  • Alfred R Nucci
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    Abstract

    The aims of this paper are twofold: first, to gain a fuller understanding of factors that foster community cohesion and contribute to the residents’ social and economic well-being; and, second, to move beyond previous research that used larger spatial units such as states, counties, or aggregates of counties and to focus instead on American small towns (population 2,500-20,000). The data on small towns are drawn from public-use files and from confidential microdata from various economic censuses. From these sources we construct measures of locally oriented firms, self-employment, business establishments that serve as gathering places, and associations. The local capitalism and civic engagement variables generally perform as hypothesized; in some cases they are related quite strongly to civic welfare outcomes such as income levels, poverty rates, and nonmigration rates. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of working with place-level data and suggest some strategies for subsequent work on small towns and other incorporated places.

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    File URL: ftp://ftp2.census.gov/ces/wp/2001/CES-WP-01-19.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau in its series Working Papers with number 01-19.

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    Date of creation: Dec 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:cen:wpaper:01-19

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    Keywords: CES; economic; research; micro; data; microdata; chief; economist;

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