Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

KIRCHNER y la cooptación de piqueteros,2003-2007

Contents:

Author Info

  • Carlos Escudé

Abstract

Entre 1975 y 2003 la Argentina protagonizó la mayor involución de la historia económica mundial. Entre estos años, la masa de pobres creció de aproximadamente el 5% hasta el 50%. Como consecuencia, nacieron las organizaciones de la nueva pobreza. En diciembre de 2001, éstas derrocaron a dos presidentes constitucionales. A partir de esa crisis, las organizaciones populares adquirieron una suerte de poder de veto extra-constitucional sobre la gestión de gobierno. Es por eso que el presidente Duhalde adelantó las elecciones cuando murieron dos piqueteros, cuyos actos ilegales estaban siendo reprimidos según manda la ley. Frente a esos límites en su capacidad de maniobra interna, el presidente Kirchner cooptó dirigentes piqueteros. Auspició la elección de algunos como legisladores e incorporó a otros en funciones de gobierno. Esta táctica, acompañada del fuerte crecimiento económico de la Argentina durante sus años de gestión, desactivó la protesta callejera. Sin embargo, ninguna de las propuestas programáticas radicalizadas que algunos de estos dirigentes auspiciaban se convirtieron en política del gobierno. Cuando los dirigentes piqueteros reaccionaron, ya era tarde. El crecimiento del empleo y la disminución de la pobreza habían disminuido el poder de sus organizaciones. English: Between 1975 and 2003, Argentina underwent the most acute regression in world economic history. Between these years, the number of people below the poverty line grew from approximately 5% to 50% of total population. As a consequence, protest organizations emerged with ever increasing power. In December 2001 they overthrew two constitutional presidents. From that crisis onward, they attained a para-constitutional veto power over governments. This is the reason why President Duhalde called for anticipated elections when two picketers were killed as a consequence of the lawful repression of their unlawful actions. Vis-à-vis these limits to his domestic power, President Kirchner decided to incorporate picketing leaders in the state itself. He encouraged the election of some as legislators and co-opted others as government officials. This tactic, which was accompanied by the strong economic growth rates of Argentina during his years in office, deactivated street protests. Notwithstanding, none of the radical government programs promoted by the picketing leaders which had been co-opted in the state were implemented by the government. When the picketing leaders reacted, it was too late. The growth of employment and the decrease of poverty had deprived their organizations of part of their power.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.ucema.edu.ar/publicaciones/download/documentos/359.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad del CEMA in its series CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. with number 359.

as in new window
Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:359

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Av. Córdoba 374, (C1054AAP) Capital Federal
Phone: (5411) 6314-3000
Fax: (5411) 4314-1654
Email:
Web page: http://www.cema.edu.ar/publicaciones/doc_trabajo.html
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:359. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Valeria Dowding).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.