Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Philanthropy vs. unproductive charity. The case of Baron Maurice de Hirsch / Filantropía no asistencialista. El caso del Barón Maurice de Hirsch

Contents:

Author Info

  • Edgardo E. Zablotsky

Abstract

ENGLISH VERSION: In Argentina today it has become essential for the State to provide assistance to a large portion of the population; nevertheless, this social work lacks purpose unless it is used to encourage those who are assisted to fend for themselves. Otherwise, the beneficiaries would be condemned to virtual indigence, as they would be indirectly excluded from productive society. This concept of philanthropy as opposed to charity is not new; and it is interesting to note that more than one century ago, in Argentina, a singularly successful philanthropic undertaking was carried out that was imbued with this ideology. In 1891 Baron Maurice de Hirsch founded the Jewish Colonization Association, which was to become one of the greatest philanthropic undertakings of its time, through which a gigantic experiment in social welfare was carried out, based on the organized immigration of thousands of people from the Russian Empire to Argentina, with the aim of setting up agricultural colonies. Immigrants were to be given the opportunity to own their land, although this was not a gift, as they were required to pay for it, just as they were required to repay all the loans in kind received during their transfer through to their first harvests, as well as the corresponding interest. This paper represents a first step in the study of this enterprise. In it, we will center our attention on the views on philanthropy held by Baron de Hirsch, illustrating them by reference to the various projects carried out on the basis of that ideology. SPANISH VERSION: En la Argentina de hoy resulta indispensable que el Estado asista a una gran parte de la población; sin embargo, el trabajo social carece, en el largo plazo, de sentido a no ser que mediante el mismo se incentive a aquellos que son asistidos a valerse por si mismos. De lo contrario se estaría condenando a los beneficiarios a la virtual indigencia, al indirectamente perpetuarlos fuera de la sociedad productiva. Esta concepción de la filantropía, opuesta al concepto de caridad, no es nueva; sin embargo, resulta interesante remarcar que hace mas de un siglo, en nuestro país, se llevó a cabo con singular éxito una gigantesca empresa filantrópica embuída de dicha ideología no asistencialista. En 1891 el Barón Maurice de Hirsch fundó la Jewish Colonization Association, la cual habría de convertirse en una de las mayores empresas filantrópicas de su tiempo, conduciendo un gigantesco experimento en bienestar social consistente en la inmigración organizada de miles de personas desde el Imperio Ruso hacia nuestro país, estableciéndolas en colonias agrícolas. Los inmigrantes habrían de tener el derecho de acceder a la propiedad de la tierra, pero no en forma gratuita, sino luego de haberla abonado, al igual que la totalidad de los préstamos en especie recibidos durante el traslado y hasta las primeras cosechas, y aún el respectivo interés sobre los mismos. Este paper constituye una primera etapa en dirección al estudio de dicha empresa. En el mismo centramos nuestra atención en la visión del Barón de Hirsch sobre la filantropía, e ilustramos la misma mediante diversos proyectos llevados a cabo en virtud de dicha ideología.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.ucema.edu.ar/publicaciones/download/documentos/264i.pdf
File Function: English version
Download Restriction: no

File URL: http://www.ucema.edu.ar/publicaciones/download/documentos/264.pdf
File Function: Spanish version
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad del CEMA in its series CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. with number 264.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: May 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:264

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Av. Córdoba 374, (C1054AAP) Capital Federal
Phone: (5411) 6314-3000
Fax: (5411) 4314-1654
Email:
Web page: http://www.cema.edu.ar/publicaciones/doc_trabajo.html
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: Baron Maurice de Hirsch; Jewish Colonization Association; philanthropy; Barón Maurice de Hirsch; filantropía; asistencialismo;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:264. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Valeria Dowding).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.