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Performing an Environmental Tax Reform in a Regional Economy. A Computable General Equilibrium Approach

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We use a Computable General Equilibrium model to simulate the effects of an Environmental Tax Reform in a regional economy (Andalusia, Spain). The reform involves imposing a tax on CO2 or SO2 emissions and reducing either the Income Tax or the payroll tax of employers to Social Security, and eventually keeping public deficit unchanged. This approach enables us to test the so-called double dividend hypothesis, which states that this kind of reform is likely to improve both environmental and non-environmental welfare. In the economy under analysis, an employment double dividend arises when the payroll tax is reduced and, if CO2 emissions are selected as environmental target, a (limited) strong double could also be obtained. No double dividend appears when Income Tax is reduced to compensate the environmental tax.

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Paper provided by Centro de Estudios Andaluces in its series Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces with number E2004/04.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cea:doctra:e2004_04

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Keywords: environmental tax reform; computable general equilibrium; double dividend.;

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Cited by:
  1. Francisco J. André & Manuel Alejandro Cardenete, 2005. "Multicriteria Policy Making. Defining Efficient Policies in a General Equilibrium Model," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces, Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2005/04, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  2. M. Alejandro Cardenete & G.J.D. Hewings & E. Velázquez, 2005. "Precio del agua y relocalización del recurso en la economía andaluza. Una aproximación desde un modelo de equilibrio general aplicado," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces, Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2005/22, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  3. Dorothée Boccanfuso & Antonio Estache & Luc Savard, 2008. "Intra-Country Distributional Impact of Policies to Fight Climate Change: A Survey," Working Papers ECARES, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 2008_038, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  4. Manuel Alejandro Cardenete Flores, 2006. "Federalismo fiscal a partir de un modelo de equilibrio general aplicado: Andalucía VS. España," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces, Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2006/22, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  5. Bröcker, Johannes & Korzhenevych, Artem & Schürmann, Carsten, 2010. "Assessing spatial equity and efficiency impacts of transport infrastructure projects," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 44(7), pages 795-811, August.
  6. Dorothée Boccanfuso & Antonio Estache & Luc Savard, 2008. "Distributional impact of global warming environmental policies: A survey," Cahiers de recherche, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke 08-14, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  7. Francisco J. André & M. Alejandro Cardenete & Carlos Romero, 2007. "A goal programming approach for a joint design of macroeconomic and environmental policies: a methodological proposal and an application to the spanish economy," Working Papers 07.12, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
  8. Esther Velázquez & M. Alejandro Cardenete & Geoffrey J.D. Hewings, 2007. "Water price and water reallocation in Andalusia. A computable general equilibrium approach," Working Papers 07.04, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
  9. Saveyn Bert & Van Regemorter Denise, 2007. "Environmental Policy in a Federal State - A Regional CGE Analysis of the NEC Directive in Belgium," Energy, Transport and Environment Working Papers Series, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën, Energy, Transport and Environment ete0701, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën, Energy, Transport and Environment.
  10. Francisco J. André & M. Alejandro Cardenete, 2009. "Efficient Economic and Environmental Policies Combining Multicriteria Techniques and General Equilibrium Modelling," Working Papers 09.08, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
  11. Rodriguez, U-Primo E., 2007. "State-of-the-Art in Regional Computable General Equilibrium Modelling with a Case Study of the Philippines," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 20(1).
  12. Francisco J. André & M. Alejandro Cardenete Flores, 2006. "Designing Efficient Policies in a Regional Economy. A MCDM-CGE Approach," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces, Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2006/03, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  13. André, Francisco J. & Cardenete, M. Alejandro, 2009. "Defining efficient policies in a general equilibrium model: a multi-objective approach," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 192-200, September.
  14. Cámara Sánchez, Ángeles & Cardenete Flores, M.Alejandro & Monrobel Alcántara, José Ramón, 2014. "Matrices de Contabilidad Social y Modelos de Equilibrio General Aplicado elaborados en España a nivel regional/Social Accounting Matrices and Applied General Equilibrium Models Developed in Spain at ," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 32, pages 427-454, Enero.
  15. M. Carmen Lima & M. Alejandro Cardenete, 2005. "Impact Assessment of European Structural Funds in Andalusia - a CGE Approach," ERSA conference papers ersa05p154, European Regional Science Association.

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