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The Difficult Transition from Clientelism to Citizenship: Lessons from Mexico

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  • Fox, Jonathan A
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    Abstract

    Electoral competition is necessary but not sufficient for the consolidation of democratic regimes; not all elections are free and fair; nor do they necessarily lead to actual civilian rule or respect for human rights. If there is more to democracy than elections, then there is more to democratization than the transition to elections. But in spite of the rich literature on the emergence of electoral competition, the dynamics of political transitions toward respect for other fundamental democratic rights is still not well understood. Political democracy is defined here in classic procedural terms: free and fair electoral contestation for governing offices based on universal suffrage, guaranteed freedoms of association and expression, accountability through the rule of law, and civilian control of the military. Although analyses of democratization typically acknowledge that these are all necessary criteria, most examine only electoral competition. This study, however, develops a framework for explaining progress toward another necessary condition for democratization respect for associational autonomy, which allows citizens to organize in defense of their own interests and identities without fear of external intervention or punishment.

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    File URL: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/4n4746hk.pdf;origin=repeccitec
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz in its series Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series with number qt4n4746hk.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jan 1994
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    Handle: RePEc:cdl:glinre:qt4n4746hk

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    Web page: http://www.escholarship.org/repec/cgirs/

    Related research

    Keywords: Globalization and Regulation; Social Movements;

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    Cited by:
    1. Herrera, Veronica, 2014. "Does Commercialization Undermine the Benefits of Decentralization for Local Services Provision? Evidence from Mexico’s Urban Water and Sanitation Sector," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 16-31.
    2. Fox, Jonathan A, 1995. "The Cultural Implications of Democracy, Empowerment and Citizenship," Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series qt4ws1766b, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz.
    3. World Bank, 2004. "State-Society Synergy for Accountability : Lessons for the World Bank," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14944, January.
    4. Robert Boutilier, 2009. "Globalization and the Careers of Mexican Knowledge Workers: An Exploratory Study of Employer and Worker Adaptations," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 88(2), pages 319-333, September.
    5. Ackerman, John, 2004. "Co-Governance for Accountability: Beyond "Exit" and "Voice"," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 447-463, March.
    6. Brown, L. David & Ashman, Darcy, 1996. "Participation, social capital, and intersectoral problem solving: African and Asian cases," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(9), pages 1467-1479, September.
    7. Fox, Jonathan A & García Jiménez, Carlos & Haight, Libby, 2009. "Rural Democratization in Mexico’s Deep South: Grassroots Right-to-Know Campaigns in Guerrero," Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series qt3nv6s088, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz.
    8. Franco, Jennifer C., 2008. "Peripheral Justice? Rethinking Justice Sector Reform in the Philippines," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 1858-1873, October.
    9. Mitlin, Diana & Hickey, Sam & Bebbington, Anthony, 2007. "Reclaiming Development? NGOs and the Challenge of Alternatives," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 1699-1720, October.
    10. Kent Eaton & Kai Kaiser & Paul J. Smoke, 2011. "The Political Economy of Decentralization Reforms : Implications for Aid Effectiveness," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2336, January.

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