El Ã©xito de la industria tabacalera en Costa Rica:
AbstractObjetivo. Analizar cÃ³mo la industria tabacalera influyÃ³ en la formulaciÃ³n de las polÃticas de control del tabaco en Costa Rica.Â Materiales y mÃ©todos.Â Revision de documentos de la industria tabacalera, de la legislaciÃ³n costarricense de control del tabaco y de periÃ³dicos y entrevistas con informates clave.Â Resultados. Durante los aÃ±os ochenta, el Ministerio de Salud aprobÃ³ varios decretos para restringir el consumo de tabaco, lo que causÃ³ que British American Tobacco y Philip Morris International fortalecieran su presencia politica, cuyo resultado fue la promulgaciÃ³n de una ley dÃ©bil en 1995 todavia vigente.Â Desde 1995 la industria tabacalera ha ultizado a Costa Rica como piloto para los programas latinoamericanos y ha dominado la formulaciÃ³n de politicas influenciando al Ministerio de Salud, incluyendo negociaciones privadas con la industria tabacalera en violaciÃ³n de las directrices del Articulo 5.3 del Convenio Marco para el Control de Tabaco (CMCT) de la OrganizaciÃ³n Mundial de la Salud.Â ConclusiÃ³n. La experiencia de Costa Rica demustra la gran importancia que tiene la implementaciÃ³n del Articulo 5.3 del CMCT para proteger las polÃticas de la salud pÃºblica de la interferencia de la industria tabacalera. Objective. To analyze how the tobacco industry influenced tobacco control policymaking in Costa Rica.Â Materials and Methods. Review of tobacco industry documents, tobacco control legislation, newspaper articles, and interviewing of key informants.Â Results. During the mid-to-late 1980s, Health Ministry issued several advanced (for their time)Â smoking restriction decrees causing British American Tobacco (BAT) and Philip Morris International (PMI) to strengthen their political presence there, resulting in passage of a weak 1995 law, which as of August 2011, remained in effect.Â Since 1995 the industry has used Costa Rica as a pilot site for Latin American programs and has dominated policymaking by influencing the Health Ministry, including direct private negotiations with the tobacco industry which violate Article 5.3â€™s implementing guidelines of the World Health Organization Frameowrk Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC).Conclusions. The Costa Rica experience demonstrates the importance of vigirous implmentation of FCTC Article 5.3 which insulates public health policymaking from industry interference. Â
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, UC San Francisco in its series University of California at San Francisco, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education with number qt5sk6n6qv.
Date of creation: 06 Feb 2012
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.escholarship.org/repec/ctcre/
Social and Behavioral Sciences;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-03-28 (All new papers)
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Lisa Schiff).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.