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Explorando la relación entre el IPC e IPP: El caso colombiano

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Author Info

  • Wilmer O. Martínez R.

    ()

  • Edgar Caicedo G.

    ()

  • Evelyn J. Tique C.

    ()

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    Abstract

    En este documento se explora el tipo de relación existente entre el Índice de Precios del Productor (IPP) y el Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC), en el sentido de establecer si el IPP se puede considerar como un índice líder del IPC. Para tal efecto se utiliza la metodología de perfiles coincidentes propuesta por Martínez (2010), la cual está basada en la prueba de Banerji (1999). Varios estudios a nivel de otros países y de Colombia han encontrado una relación coincidente entre los dos indicadores de precios. Al eliminar las diferencias metodológicas de las dos canastas (homogenización de rubros y de ponderaciones), se encontró que el IPP adelanta al IPC, y dependiendo del grupo analizado, este liderazgo del IPP puede, por uno o incluso varios meses, anticipar la evolución del IPC. Dichos hallazgos son claramente útiles como insumo para mejorar los modelos de pronóstico de la iniciación al consumidor y la toma de decisiones de la autoridad monetaria educada.

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    File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/docum/ftp/be_737.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 737.

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    Length: 36
    Date of creation: Oct 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:737

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    Related research

    Keywords: IPC; IPP; formación y transmisión de precios; perfil coincidente; puntos de giro. Classification JEL: C12; C14; C43; D12; E31.;

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