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Misura e determinanti dellÂ’agglomerazione spaziale nei comparti industriali in Italia

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  • Marcello Pagnini

    ()
    (Banca dÂ’Italia-Sede di Bologna)

Abstract

This paper is concerned with spatial agglomeration across industrial sectors in Italy. Following the seminal article by Ellison and Glaeser, agglomeration indexes that simultaneously control for the effect of chance and size structure of industries are presented. In particular, I compute agglomeration across 100 industrial manufacturing sectors in Italy in 1996. The empirical evidence shows that for an overwhelmingly majority of sectors centripetal forces prevail over centrifugal ones. In a regression analysis, I also look at the determinants of agglomeration across sectors. Consistently with the literature on urban economics, I find that agglomeration is fostered by both the human capital intensity of a sector and its propensity to innovate. On the contrary, transportation costs per chilometer and the usage of land as production factor act as forces of dispersion. I conclude that industries where information spillovers are more relevant tend to be more agglomerated than the others. The negative influence of transportation costs on agglomeration implies that falling trade barriers between regions may lead to more geographic concentration of the economic activities.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) with number 452.

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Date of creation: Oct 2002
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Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_452_02

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Related research

Keywords: spatial agglomeration; information spillovers; transport costs;

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Cited by:
  1. Di Giacinto, Valter & Pagnini, Marcello, 2011. "Local and global agglomeration patterns: Two econometrics-based indicators," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 266-280, May.
  2. Laura de Dominicis & Giuseppe Arbia & Henri L.F. de Groot, 2007. "The Spatial Distribution of Economic Activities in Italy," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 07-094/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  3. Andrea Bonaccorsi & Lucia Piscitello & Cristina Rossi, 2005. "Explaining The Territorial Adoption Of New Technologies - A Spatial Econometric Approach," ERSA conference papers ersa05p92, European Regional Science Association.
  4. S. Lodde, 2007. "Specialization and Concentration of the Manufacturing Industry in the Italian Local Labor Systems," Working Paper CRENoS 200716, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  5. Lafourcade, Miren & Mion, Giordano, 2007. "Concentration, agglomeration and the size of plants," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 46-68, January.
  6. Valter Di Giacinto & Marcello Pagnini, 2008. "Agglomeration within and between regions: Two econometric based indicators," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 674, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

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