Are there political fiscal cycles in NMS?
AbstractIt is a generally documented fact that political cycles are a phenomenon of new democracies. In this paper we deepen the evidence for the new EU member countries that are a prominent example of recently established democratic systems. We show that, in line with the opportunistic theory, primary balances tended to deteriorate in the years of elections, if taking NMS ’en bloc’. This was mainly driven by the cycle in government expenditures. However, careful cross-country and cross-time analysis challenges the general view. It turns out that the political cycle cannot be attributed to all new European democracies, in particular, not to those that made long-run attempts to integrate into EMU. Moreover, we document that with the time passing, opportunism has evaporated from the overall sample of the NMS. This comes from the fact that the political cycle has diminished in countries that were prone to opportunistic manipulation in the initial period.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2009013.
Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
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Web page: https://www.uantwerp.be/en/faculties/applied-economic-sciences/
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Fiscal policy; Opportunistic cycle; Business cycle; Government expenditures; NMS; CEE countries;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
- H62 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Deficit; Surplus
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-02-20 (All new papers)
- NEP-EEC-2010-02-20 (European Economics)
- NEP-MAC-2010-02-20 (Macroeconomics)
- NEP-POL-2010-02-20 (Positive Political Economics)
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