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Economic Competition and Evolution: Are there Lessons from Ecology?

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  • Tisdell, Clement A.

Abstract

After discussing generally models in ecology and economics that combine competition, optimization and evolution, this article concentrates on models of intraspecific competition. It demonstrates the importance of diversity/inequalities within populations of species and other environments for the sustainability of their populations, given the occurrence of environmental change. This is demonstrated both for scramble (open-access) and contest competition. Implications are drawn for human populations and for industrial organization. The possibility is raised that within industry competition may not always exist between firms in all stages of the development of a new industry. Policy implications are considered. For example, it is argued that policies designed to encourage intense business competition and maximum economic efficiency have the drawback of eventually making industries highly vulnerable to exogenous economic changes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Queensland, School of Economics in its series Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers with number 90526.

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Date of creation: Jun 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ags:uqseet:90526

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Keywords: competition policy; ecology; economic efficiency; evolution; intraspecific competition; market development; Environmental Economics and Policy; L100; J100; Q150;

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  1. Lasselle, Laurence & Svizzero, Serge & Tisdell, Clement Allan, 2001. "Diversity, Globalisation and Market Stability," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio di Genova, vol. 54(3), pages 385-399.
  2. Tisdell, Clement A. & Seidl, Irmi, 2001. "Niches and Economic Competition: Implications for Economic Efficiency, Growth and Diversity," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90508, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
  3. Tisdell, Clement A. & Svizzero, Serge, 2001. "Globalization, Social Welfare, Labor Markets and Fiscal Competition," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90503, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
  4. Tisdell, Clement A., 2001. "Competition and Evolution in Economics and Ecology Compared," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90506, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
  5. Tisdell, Clement A., 2001. "The Political Economy of Globalisation: Processes involving the Role of Markets, Institutions and Governance," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90507, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
  6. Svizzero, Serge & Tisdell, Clement A., 2001. "Concepts of Competition in Theory and Practice," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90469, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
  7. Tisdell, Clement A., 2001. "Globalisation, the Environment and Sustainability: EKC, Neo-Malthusian Concerns and the WTO," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90502, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
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