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Characteristics and Risk Management Needs of Limited-Resource and Socially Disadvantaged Farmers


Author Info

  • Dismukes, Robert
  • Harwood, Joy L.
  • Bentley, Susan E.


Small U.S. farms and those run by socially disadvantaged minority operators tend not to purchase insurance or to participate in insurance-type programs operated by USDA. This report traces the lack of use of such risk management measures to several characteristics of such farmers, who include females, blacks, American Indians, Asian/Pacific Islanders, and operators of Spanish origin. These farmers tend, more than the typical U.S. farm, to raise livestock rather than crops, and there are no government-sponsored insurance-type programs for livestock.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Agricultural Information Bulletins with number 33622.

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Date of creation: 1997
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ags:uersab:33622

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Keywords: risk management; crop insurance; limited-resource farmers; limited-opportunity farmers; small farms; socially disadvantaged farmers; Farm Management; Risk and Uncertainty;


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Cited by:
  1. Temel, Tugrul, 2011. "New facts for old debates: Farm size and productivity in US agriculture," MPRA Paper 31920, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Gyawali, Buddhi Raj & Onianwa, Okwudili O. & Wheelock, Gerald & Fraser, Rory, 2003. "Determinants Of Participation Behavior Of Limited Resource Farmers In Conservation Reserve Program In Alabama," 2003 Annual Meeting, February 1-5, 2003, Mobile, Alabama 35047, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  3. Jefferson-Moore, Kenrett Y. & Bynum, Jarvetta S. & Mosley, Jannety M., 2008. "Wine Grape Production: A Promising Enterprise for Small Scale Enterprises in North Carolina?," 2008 Annual Meeting, February 2-6, 2008, Dallas, Texas 6838, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  4. Onianwa, Odili & Wheelock, Gerald & Gyawali, Buddhi Raj, 2003. "Factors Affecting Participation Behavior Of Limited Resource Farmers In Cost-Share Programs In Alabama," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22244, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  5. Vergara, Oscar & Coble, Keith H. & Patrick, George F. & Knight, Thomas O. & Baquet, Alan E., 2004. "Farm Income Variability and the Supply of Off-Farm Labor by Limited-Resource Farmers," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 36(02), August.
  6. Gan, Jianbang & Kebede, Ellene, 1999. "The Economic Potential Of Vegetable Production For Limited Resource Farmers In South Central Alabama," Journal of Agribusiness, Agricultural Economics Association of Georgia, vol. 17(1).


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