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Evolução Das Condições De Vida Das Famílias Dos Empregados Na Agricultura Brasileira No Período 1992-2004

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  • BALSADI, OTAVIO VALENTIM
  • GOMES, ELIANE GONÇALVES
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    Abstract

    O artigo analisou a evolução das condições de vida das famílias dos empregados na agricultura brasileira no período 1992-2004, com base nos dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (Pnad). Para a análise, um Índice de Condições de Vida (ICV) foi elaborado a partir de 17 indicadores selecionados, de forma a mensurar quatro dimensões de grande relevância no cotidiano das famílias: as características do domicílio; o acesso aos serviços públicos; o acesso aos bens duráveis; e a renda média familiar. Para a determinação dos fatores de ponderação do ICV foi usado o método multicritério Macbeth. Os resultados mostraram que houve avanços em, praticamente, todos os tipos de famílias agrícolas, em todas as regiões. Os maiores ICVs foram registrados, no geral, para as famílias urbanas e de empregados permanentes. Em oposição, os ICVs mais baixos eram os das famílias rurais e de empregados temporários. ---- The article analyzed the evolution of life conditions of the employees' families in Brazilian agriculture in the period 1992-2004, based on the National Household Sample Survey (Pnad) data. For the analysis, a Life Conditions Index (LCI) was built assembling 17 selected indicators, in order the measure four relevant dimensions in the families’ daily life: the households’ characteristics; the access to public services; the access to durable goods; and the family average income. The Macbeth approach was used to calculate de LCI’s weights. The results showed that progresses took place in practically all the types of agricultural families in all the Regions. The la rgest LCIs were regist ered for urban families and families of permanent employees. In opposition, the lowest LCIs were the one of the rural families and families of temporary employees.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 45th Congress, July 22-25, 2007, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil with number 149606.

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    Date of creation: 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sobr07:149606

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Keywords: condições de vida; multicritério; famílias agrícolas; empregados.; life conditions; multicriteria; agricultural families; employees; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital;

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