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Turismo E Desenvolvimento Local Da Comunidade De Ponta De Pedras/Pa: A Busca Pela Sustentabilidade

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  • Mariani, Milton Pasquoto
  • Dias, Sibele Amolaro
  • Silva, Fabricia Gladys
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    Abstract

    O presente trabalho tem por objetivo analisar a contribuição do turismo no desenvolvimento local da comunidade de Pontas de Pedras, após a implantação dos programas Planos de Desenvolvimento do Pólo de Ecoturismo do Tapajós e Diversificação da Oferta Turística. A atividade turística tem crescido rumo ao interior do Brasil, em função de uma visão empreendedora que vem apostando na conquista de novos mercados através da diversificação de oferta de produtos turísticos. Nesse sentido, esta pesquisa se limitará a analisar, especificamente, a comunidade de Ponta de Pedras, no interior do Pará. Este estudo apresenta-se com base metodológica qualitativa, de natureza descritiva e, quanto aos meios de investigação, é bibliográfico e documental, no intuito de analisar os benefícios e problemas resultantes da aplicação dos programas. Dentre os benefícios proporcionados pelo turismo e pelos programas implantados, destaca-se: a construção de barracas, banheiros públicos e estrada de acesso; a oferta de cursos profissionalizantes, o cultivo de hortas, o trabalho de conscientização da população sobre a importância e a preservação da natureza e cultura locais. Já os problemas foram: acúmulo de lixo, desordem no trânsito, destruição do ambiente natural, principalmente próximo à praia, conflitos na comunidade e infra-estrutura insuficiente para atender a demanda. Desse modo, os problemas assumem dimensões estruturais, econômicas, políticas, sociais, culturais e ambientais. Contudo, não se pode negar que a ______________________________________________________________________ Rio Branco – Acre, 20 a 23 de julho de 2008 Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administração e Sociologia Rural atividade turística em Ponta de Pedras prevê evidente potencial turístico, mesmo com as dificuldades enfrentadas. Assim, conclui-se que os problemas continuam, mas os benefícios gerados foram consideráveis. Por isso, dar andamento a esses programas está diretamente relacionado com o comprometimento da comunidade, recursos econômicos, desenvolvimento social e preservação ambiental, com o propósito de desenvolver o local em consonância com o turismo sustentável.-------------------------The objective of this study is to analyze the contribution of tourism in the local development of Ponta de Pedras/PA community after the implantation of two programs, namely, Development Plans of Tapajós Ecotourism Pole and Diversification of Tourist Offer. Tourist activities have increased towards the Brazilian interior, as there has been an entrepreneurial view betting on new markets through the diversification of tourist products. This study will specifically focus on Ponta de Pedras community, in the interior of Pará state. The paper is a qualitative analysis of descriptive nature with investigation of references and documents, in order to analyze both benefits and problems resulting from the application of such programs. Among the benefits triggered by tourism and by the implanted programs, the following may be mentioned: the building of stalls, public restrooms and access roads; the offer of professionalizing courses; the implantation of vegetable gardens; and the building of population consciousness about the importance and preservation of local nature and culture. On the other hand, the disadvantages were: litter accumulation, traffic congestion, destruction of natural environment especially close to riverside, community conflicts and insufficient infra-structure to meet the demand, among others. The problems therefore assume structural, economic, political, social, cultural and environmental dimensions. However, it is undeniable that tourist activities in Ponta de Pedras foresee an evident tourist potential, in spite of the difficulties already faced. The conclusion is that problems still exist, but the generated benefits are considerable. Because of this, keeping-up such programs is directly related to the community commitment, economic resources, social development and environment preservation, with the aim of developing the place in consonance with sustainable tourism.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 133293.

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    Date of creation: 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:133293

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    Keywords: Turismo; Desenvolvimento Local; Sustentabilidade; Ponta de Pedras; Tourism; Local Development; Sustainability; Ponta de Pedras; Community/Rural/Urban Development;

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