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Otimização Da Localização De Abatedouros E Centros De Distribuição De Agroindustrias De Frango

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  • Carmo, Eliane Almeida do
  • Soares, Joao Batista
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    Abstract

    ste trabalho estudou a localização de uma agroindústria avícola e otimizou sua rede, dos integrados aos consumidores, determinando a quantidade de abatedouros e centros de distribuição que a empresa deve possuir e a localização destes de forma a minimizar custos. A partir da coleta de dados reais e utilizando ferramentas de Sistemas de Informação Geográficas e programação linear binária, determinou-se a configuração ótima para a rede bem como a configuração de diversos cenários alternativos. A função objetivo utilizada minimiza o somatório dos custos da localização do abatedouro, os custos da localização do centro de distribuição, os custos de produção e remessa dos frangos vivos do integrado até o abatedouro, os custos de abate e remessa até o centro de distribuição e os custos de armazenagem no centro de distribuição e remessa até os clientes finais. O cenário ótimo obtido considera apenas a instalação de um abatedouro e um centro de distribuição de maior capacidade, evidenciando ganhos de escala. Os resultados favoreceram a localização abatedouros próximos aos integrados e de centros de distribuição próximos aos clientes, sujeitas às diversas restrições impostas pela realidade local.---------------------------------------------This work studied the localization of a poultry agro-industry and optimized its net, from the integrated to the consumers, determining the amount of frigorific and centers of distribution that the company must have and the localization of these to minimize costs. From the collection of real data and using Geographic Systems tools of Information and binary linear program, it was determined excellent configuration for the net as well as the configuration of diverse alternative scenes. The used objective function minimizes the total amount of the localization and the slaughterhouse costs, the localization costs of the distribution center, the production costs and remittance of the alive chicken from the integrated one until the slaughterhouse, the slaughter costs and remittance until the distribution center and the storage costs in the distribution center and remittance until the final customers. The excellent scene gotten considers only the installation of a slaughterhouse and a distribution center of bigger capacity, evidencing scale profits. The results favored the localization of the slaughterhouses close to the integrated ones and also the distribution centers close to the customers, subjected to the diverse restrictions imposed for the local reality.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109774.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109774

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Avicultura; otimização; localização; ArcGIS; Aviculture; otimization; localization; Livestock Production/Industries;

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