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O Setor Ferroviário Sob A Perspectiva Da Economia Dos Custos De Transação: A Experiência Do Transporte De Algumas Commodities Do Agronegócio

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  • Ojima, Andrea Leda Ramos De Oliveira
  • Comitre, Valeria
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    Abstract

    As transformações ocorridas após a privatização do setor ferroviário, aliada a criação da agência reguladora (Agência Nacional de Transportes Terrestre - ANTT), fizeram com que a estrutura de governança desse setor fosse alterada. A nova forma de coordenação em que as ferrovias estão inseridas pode ser avaliada através da análise das transações. O presente trabalho busca identificar a existência de custo de transação no ambiente ferroviário avaliando-se a forma de governança. As movimentações de três importantes commodities do agronegócio foram avaliadas: soja, açúcar e álcool. As dimensões das transações analisadas foram: especificidade dos ativos, freqüência e incerteza. Os resultados indicaram que os ativos avaliados apresentaram média e alta especificidade, o que permitiu concluir que no setor ferroviário os custos de transação envolvidos são altos, fazendo com que sejam adotadas novas estratégias e formas de governança para mitigar o risco associado às transações, como por exemplo, os contratos de longo de prazo e de parcerias.---------------------------------------------Changes happened after the rail privatization and the creation of the regulatory agency altered the governance structure of the sector. The new coordination form where the railroads are inserted can be evaluated through an analysis of the transactions. The present work identifies the existence of transaction cost in the rail environment, evaluating the governance. The rail transportation of three important agricultural commodities was appraised: soybean, sugar and alcohol. The dimensions of the analyzed transactions were: asset specificity, frequency and uncertainty. The results show that the appraised assets presented average and high specificity, allowing to conclude that in the railway sector the transaction costs involved are high, conducing that new strategies and governance forms are adopted to mitigate risk associated to the transactions, for instance, long-term contracts and of partnership contracts.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109754.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109754

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Keywords: custos de transação; agronegócio; transporte; logística; transaction costs; agribusiness; transportation; logistics; Agribusiness;

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