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Análise Da Viabilidade Sócio-Ambiental Da Fruticultura Irrigada No Baixo Jaguaribe, Ceará

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  • Pinheiro, Jose Cesar
  • Amaral, Cecilia Reis
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    Abstract

    A fruticultura irrigada é uma atividade que vem crescendo no Estado do Ceará, sobretudo em certas regiões favoráveis do Estado. Entre estas regiões encontra-se o Baixo Jaguaribe, onde diversas empresas exploram a fruticultura irrigada e procurou-se, nesta pesquisa, avaliar os aspectos sociais e ambientais da atividade. Os aspectos sociais foram avaliados através de entrevistas com funcionários das empresas produtoras de frutas na região e estas abrangeram aspectos como: serviços de educação e saúde nos municípios de residência, habitação, aspectos sanitários, posse de bens duráveis e emprego. Os aspectos e cuidados ambientais das empresas foram avaliados com base em entrevistas com os técnicos responsáveis das empresas por este setor. Foram abordados nas entrevistas itens como: utilização de práticas de conservação do solo, existência de reserva legal na propriedade, controle de pragas e doenças, uso de fogo em atividade agropecuária, sistema de irrigação utilizado, entre outros. A partir das informações obtidas foram calculados dois sub-índices: um de qualidade de vida dos funcionários e outro de viabilidade ambiental. A partir desses dois sub-índices foi obtido um índice de viabilidade sócio-ambiental da fruticultura irrigada nas empresas, ambos apresentaram bons resultados. Verificou-se que as condições de vida dos funcionários são adequadas e que, em geral, são tomados nas propriedades os principais cuidados ambientais necessários. Assim, a fruticultura irrigada vem sendo desenvolvida por empresas e estas tomam os cuidados ambientais necessários, com responsabilidade social.---------------------------------------------------The irrigated fruit cultivation is an activity that has been growing in the State of Ceará,especially in certain favourable areas. Among these areas, there is the Low Jaguaribe, where various enterprises explore the activity. To evaluate, therefore, whether the irrigated fruit cultivation developed in the region has been contributing for the sustainable development, this research tried to evaluate the social and environmental aspects of the activity. The social matters were evaluated through interviews with the workers of the enterprises that produce fruits in the region. Were interviewed people who worked directly in the production (cultivation, harvest and after harvest cares) because these are the majority of workers in these enterprises. The interviews included items such as: education and health public services in the municipalities of residence, housing, sanitary aspects, possession of lasting consumer goods and job. The environmental matters of the activity were evaluated through interviews with the responsible technicians in the enterprises visited. Items such as use of soil conservation practices, existence of legal reserve in the property, plagues and illnesses control, fire use in the agricultural activity, kind of irrigation system used, among others, were included in the interviews. Starting from these information, two indexes were calculated: one of workers’ quality of life and another of environmental viability. Starting from these two indexes, it was obtained an index of socio-environmental viability of the irrigated fruit cultivation in the region’s enterprises visited in the region as environmental and socially viable.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109530.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109530

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    Keywords: Agricultura Irrigada; Fruticultura; Desenvolvimento Sustentável; irrigated agriculture; irrigated fruit cultivation; sustainable development1; Crop Production/Industries;

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