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Competitividade Da Pecuária De Corte Do Estado De São Paulo Vs Mato Grosso Do Sul E Mato Grosso

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  • Carvalho, Thiago Bernardino De
  • Ferreira, Paulo Cesar
  • Zen, Sergio
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    Abstract

    Nesses últimos anos, o Brasil tornou-se o maior fornecedor de carne bovina para o mundo. A modernização do parque industrial de abate e o custo baixo da produção fazem com que o país se consolide como o “Frigorífico do Mundo”.Ao mesmo tempo, o eixo da produção pecuária no Brasil vem sofrendo alterações nos últimos anos. Enquanto, em São Paulo o rebanho decresceu, em Mato Grosso do Sul e Mato Grosso aumentou de 2003 para 2005. Uma das causas para o deslocamento da produção é a diminuição da competitividade da pecuária em relação a outras culturas. Os custos da pecuária aumentam mais que a receita, e, os índices produtivos da fazenda não melhoram o suficiente. De acordo com os resultados desta pesquisa, em São Paulo, as empresas pecuárias não obtêm a margem efetiva superior à proporcionada pela cana-de-açúcar. Quanto ao Mato Grosso do Sul, os casos de febre aftosa prejudicaram profundamente os pecuaristas desse estado. Dos painéis analisados, apenas as fazendas típicas de Barra do Garças e de Pontes e Lacerda, no Mato Grosso, se apresentaram competitivas, no curto prazo.--------------------------------------------------Since 2004, Brazil is the main beef exporter in the world, due to the combination of highly developed slaughterhouses system and low cost of production. At the same time, the main area of beef production in Brazil has changed. From 2003 to 2005, the number of steer decreased in the state of Sao Paulo and enlarged in the states of Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso. One of the reasons for this production reallocation is the lower cattle competitiveness in Sao Paulo state compared to other cultures. According to results of this paper, the sugar cane is more profitable than the cattle farming in that state. In the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, focus of FMD (Foot and Mouth Disease) have prejudiced farmers. Among the regions consulted in three states (SP, MS, and MT), only two, located at the Mato Grosso state (regions of Barra do Garças and Pontes e Lacerda) have presented competitiveness in short term.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109452.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109452

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Related research

    Keywords: competitividade; pecuária; custo de produção; competitiveness; cost of production; cattle livestock sector; Livestock Production/Industries;

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