Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

La Consolidación Del Hambre Y Del Derecho A La Alimentación En Las Agendas Políticas De América Latina

Contents:

Author Info

  • Viveros, Jose Luis
  • Almeida Filho, Niemeyer
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    América Latina y el Caribe es la única región en desarrollo que puede acabar con el hambre en nuestra generación. Tiene 52,4 millones de personas subnutridas (10% de población) y 9 millones de niños con desnutrición crónica, pero también es la principal productora mundial de alimentos y tiene recursos financieros, naturales, humanos e institucionales para hacer del hambre un recuerdo del pasado. Es básicamente un problema de desigualdad en el acceso a los recursos, y tiene serias implicaciones económicas (retraso en crecimiento y déficit de competitividad) y políticas (desencanto con la democracia, auge del populismo, y violación de los derechos). En este trabajo se presentan los notables avances de la lucha contra el hambre y el derecho a la alimentación en la región, destacando el posicionamiento prioritario del hambre en las agendas políticas de la región, y el desarrollo de los marcos legales e institucionales necesarios para la realización progresiva del derecho a la alimentación, tanto desde la dimensión de estar libre de hambre como de tener acceso a una alimentación adecuada en cantidad y calidad. En la región hay actualmente cuatro leyes de seguridad alimentaria y nueve proyectos de ley en debate, lo cual posiciona a la región a la vanguardia de este derecho. Como estudio de caso, se presentan los avances y desafíos que tiene Guatemala, el país con mayor proporción de niños desnutridos de la región. El desafío venidero consistirá en acompañar este desarrollo institucional con una inversión social adecuada que sea perdurable en el tiempo y se consolide como una verdadera política de Estado en todos los países, para conseguir una América sin Hambre antes del 2025.----------------------------------------------Latin America and the Caribbean is the only developing region that can end hunger in our generation. It has 52.4 million undernourished people (10% of population) and 9 million stunted children. However, it is also the main world food producer and exporter and it has financial, natural, human and institutional resources to make hunger a memory of the past. It is basically a problem of inequality in the access to resources with serious economic implications (less economic growth and deficit of competitiveness) and political ones (detachment with democracy, rise of populism, and human rights violation). In this work, the authors present the remarkable advances of the fight against hunger in the region and the implementation of the right to food, emphasizing the high position reached by hunger in the political agendas, and the development of the legal and institutional framework necessary for the progressive accomplishment of the right to adequate food and the immediate right to be free from hunger. In the region there are at present four food security laws and nine law drafts to be discussed in national parliaments, which positions the region at the forefront of this human right worldwide. As a case study, the authors develop the advances and challenges of right to food and food security in Guatemala, being the country with the greatest proportion of stunted children in the region. The challenge will consist of accompanying this institutional progress with adequate social investment that is able to last more than one presidential term, that is well focused and that consolidates a true State policy in all the countries, to finally achieve an America without Hunger before 2025.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109439
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109439.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: Jul 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109439

    Contact details of provider:
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: Hambre; Derecho a la alimentación; América Latina; Políticas de Seguridad Alimentaria; Hunger; Rights Laws; Latin America; Food Security Policies; Food Security and Poverty;

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109439. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.