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Análise Comparativa Da Viabilidade Da Produção De Mamão Nos Sistemas Tradicional E De Produção Integrada (Pi)

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  • Mendonca, Talles Girardi de
  • Lirio, Viviani Silva
  • Moura, Altair Dias de
  • Silveira, Suely de Fatima Ramos
  • Reis, Bricio dos Santos
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    Abstract

    As exigências do mercado internacional de frutas têm colocado aos produtores que desejem acessá-lo a necessidade de adoção do protocolos de Boas Práticas Agrícolas (BPA), cujo objetivo principal é a geração de produtos de qualidade e livres de resíduos químicos. A Produção Integrada de Frutas (PIF) constitui-se em um desses protocolos e sua adoção tem sido incentivada pelo Ministério da Agricultura como forma de elevar os padrões de qualidade do produto nacional, contribuindo para o acesso dos produtores ao mercado externo. Entretanto, a adoção da PIF, além das oportunidades de acesso ao mercado externo e redução de custos com agroquímicos, impõe aos produtores custos adicionais com investimentos em instalações e com processos de certificação. Neste sentido, este trabalho teve como objetivo verificar o efeito da adoção da PIF sobre o retorno dos produtores. Para a consecução da pesquisa, foi necessário escolher uma espécie de fruta para ser analisada em virtude do grande número de espécies produzidas pelo país. Assim, levando-se em consideração aspectos como importância das exportações e o atual estágio de adoção da PIF, a fruta selecionada foi o mamão papaia variedade golden. A realização do trabalho compreendeu, a partir de dados fornecidos por uma empresa produtora de mamão, a elaboração de fluxos de caixa representativos da produção de mamão nos sistemas convencional e integrado, o cálculo de indicadores de viabilidade e a operacionalização de processos de simulação para mensurar o risco envolvido em casa sistema produtivo. Os resultados apontaram pequena vantagem em de retorno e em termos de risco para a produção integrada o que permitiu concluir que a adoção da PIF não garante aos produtores elevação substancial de retornos. -----------------------------------------------The fruit international market’s exigencies have led the producers who wants to have access to it the necessity to adopt Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), whose the principal objective is the production of agricultural products of high quality free of chemical residue. The Integrated Production of Fruit is one of theses protocols and its adoption have received incentive of the Ministry of Agriculture as a form to rise up the standards of quality of the national product, contributing to the access of the producers to the external market. However, the adoption of Integrated Production of Fruit, besides the opportunity of external market access and the reduction of costs with chemical products, imposes additional costs with investments and certifying process. This way, this paper has had as objective to verify the effect of the adoption of the Integrated Production in the producers’ return. To do so, it was necessary to choice one specie of fruit to be analyzed because Brazil produces a lot of species of fruit. Regarding some aspects as the importance of exports and the actual level of Integrated Production in the culture, the select specie was one variety of papaya called golden. Based on some data given by one firm that produces papaya, it was possible to determine representative cash flows of each system of production, Integrated and Conventional. This procedure has permitted the estimation of some viability and risk indicators on both systems. The results aimed small advantage in return and risk terms for the Integrated Production what allowed to conclude that the adoption of Integrated Production of Fruit doesn't guarantee to the producing substantial elevation of returns.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109195.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109195

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    Keywords: Produção Integrada; Boas Práticas Agrícolas e exportações; Integrated production; Good Agricultural Practices and exports; International Relations/Trade;

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