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Condicionantes Da Adoção De Tecnologia No Pólo Apícola De Santana Do Cariri - Ce

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  • Oliveira, Maria Aparecida Silva
  • Costa Junior, Manoel Pedro Da
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    Abstract

    As tecnologias empregadas no setor agropecuário visam lhe proporcionar maior competitividade e produtividade. Características sociais, econômicas, culturas e subjetivas dos produtores condicionam a adoção de determinada tecnologia. Assim, o nível tecnológico dos produtores depende dos fatores socioeconômicos relacionados à adoção tecnológica. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar os condicionantes da adoção de tecnologia na apicultura cearense. Optou-se pela apicultura devido à relevância dessa atividade na agropecuária do estado do Ceará. Para realização da pesquisa foi feito um estudo de caso no município de Santana do Cariri, por considerá-lo representativo e devido à disponibilidade de dados. Foi utilizada a estatística descritiva para determinar o perfil socioeconômico dos apicultores e foi estimada uma equação para verificar a relação das variáveis socioeconômicas com o índice tecnológico deles. Maioria dos apicultores tem menos de 40 anos de idade, cursou apenas ensino fundamental incompleto, tem renda familiar menor que três salários mínimos e desempenha outras atividades no setor agropecuário e em outros setores. Os resultados da equação estimada mostram que as variáveis tipo de apiário, assistência técnica, disponibilidade de mão-de-obra e participação social têm influência positiva sobre o nível tecnológico dos apicultores. As variáveis experiência na apicultura e uso de mão-de-obra familiar apresentam relação negativa com o índice tecnológico e as variáveis número de colméias e escolaridade mostraram-se não-significativas. As variáveis que têm mais influência sobre o nível tecnológico dos apicultores são o tipo de apiário, a participação social e a assistência técnica, concluindo-se que para que os apicultores tenham aumento do índice tecnológico devem praticar a apicultura migratória, participar de alguma organização social e serem assistidos tecnicamente.--------------------------------------------The employed technologies in the agricultural section seek to provide it a larger competitiveness and productivity. Social, economical, cultural and subjective characteristics of producers condition the adoption of certain technology. Thus, the technological level of producers depends on the social economical factors related to the technological adoption. The objective of this article is to analyze the conditioners of technology adoption into the beekeeping from Ceará. The beekeeping was chosen due to the relevance of this activity into the livestock of the state of Ceará. For the accomplishment of this research it was made a case study in the city of Santana do Cariri, for considering it representative and due to the readiness of data. The descriptive statistics was used to determine the social economic profile of beekeepers and it was esteemed an equation to verify the relation of the social economical variables to their technological index. The majority of beekeepers are less than 40 years old, they have just studied incomplete elementary school, and have income smaller than three minimum wages and they carry out other activities in the livestock section and in other sections. The results of the esteemed equation show that the variables apiary like, technical attendance, labor readiness and social participation have a positive influence on the beekeepers' technological level. The variables, experience in the beekeeping and use of family labor present negative relation to the technological index and the variables number of beehives and education were shown not significant. The variables that have more influence on the technological level of beekeepers are the apiary type, the social participation and the technical attendance, obtaining the conclusion that for the beekeepers to have increase of the technological index should practice the migratory beekeeping, to participate in some social organization and to be technically attended.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108976.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108976

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    Keywords: tecnologia; fatores condicionantes; apicultura; Santana do Cariri; technology; conditioner factors; beekeeping; Santana of Cariri; Livestock Production/Industries;

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