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Avaliação Da Gestão Ambiental Da Carcinicultura Marinha No Estado Do Ceará: Estudo De Caso

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  • Araujo, Rogerio Cesar Pereira
  • Campos, Roberio Telmo
  • Feitosa, Rommel Darlan
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    Abstract

    Este estudo trata da avaliação da gestão ambiental da carcinicultura marinha, particularmente do estudo de caso da fase de engorda em uma fazenda de grande porte (área superior a 50 ha), no município de Aracati, Estado do Ceará. Especificamente, foram investigadas as práticas ambientais adotadas pela fazenda, os fatores determinantes da adoção das práticas, o grau de conformidade com o Código de Conduta da Associação Brasileira de Criadores de Camarão (ABCC) e com os componentes da norma NBR ISO 14001. As práticas ambientais foram identificadas através da aplicação de um questionário com 358 questões e do instrumento de auditoria ambiental para os seguintes elementos da administração da fazenda: controle gerencial, gestão dos efluentes e gestão dos resíduos. Esses dados permitiram catalogar 114 práticas de gestão ambiental inerentes à atividade de carcinicultura, que foram caracterizadas de acordo com cada componente da norma NBR ISO 14.001, a partir da qual se avaliou o grau de conformidade da empresa. Baseado no Código de Conduta da ABCC, 59 diretrizes do código foram avaliadas, das quais 69,5% apresentaram conformidade, sendo a falta de conhecimento na implementação das diretrizes do código a principal razão para a não adoção de práticas. Constatou-se que a empresa tem conhecimento das questões ambientais relacionadas ao processo produtivo, principalmente quanto às exigências legais para o funcionamento de suas atividades. -------------------------------------------This study deals with the assessment of the environmental management of the shrimp farming, particularly the case study of the growth phase in a large scale farm (larger than 50 ha), in the municipality of Aracati, State of Ceará. Specifically, it was investigated the environmental practices adopted by the farm, the factors determining the adoption of practices, the degree of conformity with the Code of Conduct of the Brazilian Association of Shrimp Producers (ABCC) and with the NBR ISO 14001 norm. The environment practices were identified through the application of a questionnaire with 358 questions and the environmental auditing tool for the following elements of the farm administration: management control, effluent management and reside management. This data allowed classify 114 environmental practices of management inherent to the shrimp farming, that were characterized in accordance with each component of the NBR ISO 14.001 norm, based on what the degree of conformity was evaluated. Based in the Code of Conduct of ABCC, 59 guidelines of the code were evaluated, of which 69,5% showed conformity, being the lack of knowledge about the implementation of the code guidelines the main reason for unadoption of practices. It was verified that the firm is knowledgeable of the environmental issues related to the production process, mainly regarding the legal demands for the operation of its activities.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108842.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108842

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Related research

    Keywords: carcinicultura; gestão ambiental; melhores práticas; NBR ISO 14.001; shrimp farm; environmental management; best practices; Livestock Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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