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Manejo Florestal Empresarial No Acre: Custos Da Atividade Pré-Exploratória Na Floresta Estadual Do Antimary

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  • Franco, Carlos Alberto
  • Esteves, Lara Torchi
  • Santos, Ruama Araujo Dos
  • Silva, Perelli Gouveia E
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    Abstract

    Esta pesquisa aborda a atividade madeireira sob o regime de concessão florestal desenvolvido no Estado do Acre. Os objetivos do presente estudo são: identificar o custo da produção do manejo florestal sustentável (MFS) para produção madeireira, tendo como base a Floresta Estadual do Antimary (FEA); e, quantificar o valor, a ser pago pela terra, numa área destinada como floresta pública de produção, no ano de 2005. Para tal, foi considerada, como premissa básica, um ciclo de corte de 15 anos. As técnicas usadas identificaram o custo de produção da madeira com origem em uma florestal manejada (Cmf), o valor presente líquido (VPL) do MFS e o valor esperado da terra (VET), os quais foram calculados considerando as taxas de desconto de 4%, 6%, 8%, 10% e 12% ao ano. Os principais resultados obtidos foram: a uma taxa de desconto de 4% ao ano, uma empresa gastaria, com o manejo florestal, US$ 68,50/ha e geraria um VPL de US$ 92,18/ha. Por outro lado, a 12% ao ano, estes valores decresceriam para US$ 62,53/ha e US$ 81,34/ha, respectivamente. O preço máximo que poderia ser pago por um hectare de terra na FEA, em 2005, para que o MFS fosse remunerado numa taxa de 4% a.a., foi de US$ 218,17/ha, visto que, a partir de 6% a.a., os valores a serem pago pelo hectare de terra tornaram-se economicamente inviáveis, já que estes passaram a ser menores que o preço médio de mercado praticado na compra e venda de terras no Estado do Acre (US$ 199,03/ha).---------------------------------------------This research addresses the timber activity under a forest concession system in the State of Acre. Its objectives are: to identify the production cost related to sustainable forest management (SFM) for timber yield, having as scenario the Antimary State Forest (ASF); and, quantify the value to be paid for the land, in an area designed as public production forest, in the year 2005. So, it was recognized as basic foundation, a 15-year cutting cycle. The techniques used identified the production cost of log coming from a managed forest area (Cmf), the net present value (NPV) concerning SFM and the land expectation value (LEV), which were calculated adopting annual interest rates of 4%, 6%, 8%, 10% and 12%. The main results obtained were: at annual interest rate of 4%, a firm would spend, with forest management US$ 68,50/ha and would generate US$ 92,18/ha as NPV. On the another hand, at 12% a.a., these value would decrease to US$ 62,53/ha and US$ 81,34/ha, respectively. The maximum price which could be paid for one hectare of land in the ASF, in 2005, in order to remunerate SFM at 4% a.a., was US$ 218,17/ha, because adopting interest rates greater than 6% a.a., values to be paid for the land would not be economically viable, as these values should be lesser than the average market price played in the State of Acre for buying and sale of land (US$ 199,03/ha).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108831.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108831

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    Keywords: Manejo florestal sustentável; Custo da produção madeireira; Economia florestal; Valor esperado da terra; Sustainable forest management; timber production cost; Forest economics; Land expectation value; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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