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Diversificação De Atividades Na Produção Familiar No Projeto De Assentamento Colibri No Acre

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  • Ferreira, Almecina Balbino
  • Oliveira, Tadario Kamel
  • Sa, Claudenor Pinho De
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    Abstract

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a diversificação de atividades agrícolas na produção familiar do Projeto de Assentamento Colibri (P.A), no Acre. A primeira fase foi levantamento de campo, por meio da aplicação de questionário geral semi – estruturado, quando foram entrevistados aleatoriamente 44 (quarenta e quatro famílias) das 66 que residem no P.A, para a caracterização dos sistemas de produção agrícola. A segunda fase foi aplicação de questionário para avaliação da porcentagem de renda bruta anual por produto em cada propriedade. Para tanto foram selecionados, aleatoriamente, 20 estabelecimentos. Em 10 estabelecimentos foi registrada a porcentagem de renda obtida por meio do consumo familiar, além do comercializado. A partir da porcentagem de renda bruta anual fez-se a diferenciação das tipologias agrícolas e calculou-se o índice de diversificação. Dentre as 20 propriedades pesquisadas no P.A., 15 foram classificadas como não diversificadas, com destaque para a cultura da banana. As diversificadas comercializam sempre entre três e nove produtos, dentre eles a banana, mandioca e citros. A porcentagem da renda bruta anual é um critério eficiente para classificar as propriedades quanto a especialização ou diversificação da produção. E o índice de diversificação é eficiente para identificar o grau de diversidade. Por fim, a produção direcionada para o consumo familiar, além da comercialização, é um relevante componente a ser considerado no levantamento da renda bruta anual das propriedades agrícolas.--------------------------------This work has as objective to analyze the diversification of agricultural activities in the familiar production of the Project of Colibri Nesting, in the Acre, Brazil. The first phase was field survey, through the application of general questionnaire – structuralized, when we had been interviewed randomly forty and four families, of the 66 that inhabit in the P.A, for the characterization of the systems of agricultural production. The second phase was implementing a questionnaire to evaluate the percentage of annual gross income per product for each property. For that were selected at random, 20 establishments. On 10 establishments was recorded the percentage of income obtained through household consumption, in addition to the market. From the percentage of annual gross income had to differentiate types of agricultural and calculated the index of diversification. Among the 20 properties analyzed in the PA, 15 were classified as non-diversified, with emphasis on the cultivation of bananas. The diversified-farms markets always between three and nine products, among them bananas, cassava and citrus. The percentage of annual gross income is a criterion for efficient classify the properties as a specialization or diversification of production. And the index of diversification is effective to identify the degree of diversity. Finally, the production targeted for household consumption, in addition to marketing, is an important component to be considered in the lifting of the annual gross income of the farm.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108826.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108826

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    Keywords: Diversidade; produção agrícola; tipologia; renda e agricultura familiar; Diversity; agricultural Production; Tipologia; Income and familiar Agriculture; Farm Management;

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