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Indicadores De Consumo De Energia Elétrica E Produção Agropecuária De Agrupamentos Com Municípios Do Estado De São Paulo

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  • Oliveira, Paulo Andre De
  • Simon, Elias Jose
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    Abstract

    O PROBLEMA QUE SE ENCONTRA É DE QUE AS POLÍTICAS DE UTILIZAÇÃO DE ENERGIA ELÉTRICA NO MEIO RURAL SE LIMITAM À DISPONIBILIZAÇÃO DO INSUMO. ADOTAR DIRETRIZES QUE CONSIDEREM AS REGIÕES ADMISTRATIVAMENTE DIVIDIDAS PODE GERAR RESULTADOS INSATISFATÓRIOS, POIS PODEM EXISTIR, NUM MESMO EDR, MUNICÍPIOS CARENTES DE ENERGIA E OUTROS PLENAMENTE SATISFEITOS. MESMO NAQUELES ONDE A ENERGIA ESTEJA SATISFATORIAMENTE DISPONIBILIZADA OBSERVA-SE UMA SUBUTILIZAÇÃO DO INSUMO DEVIDO ÀS SUAS CARACTERÍSTICAS PRODUTIVAS. A HIPÓTESE COLOCADA É DE QUE NÃO HÁ INDICADORES OS QUAIS AUXILIEM NA IMPLEMENTAÇÃO DE POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS E PRIVADAS QUE AS TORNEM EFICIENTES ATRAVÉS DAS DECISÕES TOMADAS PARA O INCREMENTO DA UTILIZAÇÃO DA ENERGIA ELÉTRICA. O OBJETIVO DESTE TRABALHO FOI APRESENTAR PARÂMETROS PARA INDICADORES DE ENERGIA ELÉTRICA E DE PRODUÇÃO AGROPECUÁRIA QUE CARACTERIZEM O CONSUMO DE ENERGIA ELÉTRICA RURAL, TANTO PARA USO RESIDENCIAL COMO PARA FINS NÃO-RESIDENCIAIS NOS MUNICÍPIOS DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO QUE POSSUEM ATIVIDADE AGROPECUÁRIA. O ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO FOI DIVIDIDO EM ÁREAS DE ESCRITÓRIOS DE DESENVOLVIMENTO RURAL (EDR) QUE SEGUEM PRINCÍPIOS DE ÁREAS ADJACENTES DE MUNICÍPIOS. ESSA DIVISÃO ADMINISTRATIVA PODE SER EFICIENTE PARA A ASSISTÊNCIA AO PRODUTOR RURAL, NO ENTANTO, NO ASPECTO DE CONSUMO DE ENERGIA ELÉTRICA NO MEIO RURAL, AS MEDIDAS PODEM TER EFEITO ALOCATIVO INEFICIENTE. A METODOLOGIA UTILIZADA FOI A ELABORAÇÃO DE INDICADORES QUE CARACTERIZASSEM O CONSUMO DE ENERGIA ELÉTRICA E A PRODUÇÃO AGROPECUÁRIA E, SUBSEQÜENTEMENTE, A CONSTRUÇÃO DE PARÂMETROS DE SEIS GRUPOS HOMOGÊNEOS FORMADOS POR 606 MUNICÍPIOS DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO QUE POSSUEM ATIVIDADE AGRÍCOLA, ATRAVÉS DO MÉTODO ESTATÍSTICO WARD. ALGUMAS CONCLUSÕES OBTIDAS FORAM DE QUE A UTILIZAÇÃO DE AGRUPAMENTOS DE MUNICÍPIOS ADJACENTES OU NÃO, COM CARACTERÍSTICAS SEMELHANTES, PRODUZIRIAM RESULTADOS MAIS SATISFATÓRIOS. OS PARÂMETROS APRESENTADOS, QUANDO OBSERVADOS OS SEUS VALORES MÉDIOS, DEMONSTRAM CLARAMENTE AS DIFERENÇAS ENTRE OS AGRUPAMENTOS DE MUNICÍPIOS, O QUE PERMITE CONCLUIR QUE AS POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS QUE CONSIDERAM ÁREAS ADJACENTES PODEM APRESENTAR RESULTADOS INSATISFATÓRIOS PARA A ELETRIFICAÇÃO RURAL. A UTILIZAÇÃO DE AGRUPAMENTOS DE MUNICÍPIOS ADJACENTES OU NÃO, COM CARACTERÍSTICAS SEMELHANTES, PRODUZIRIAM RESULTADOS MAIS SATISFATÓRIOS. ------------------------------------------------------------THE PROBLEM THAT IS FOUND IS THAT THE POLICIES OF USE OF ELECTRIC ENERGY IN THE AGRICULTURAL ENVIRONMENT ARE LIMITED TO THE AVAILABILITY OF THE INPUT. ADOPTING LINES OF DIRECTION THAT CONSIDER REGIONS ADMINISTRATIVELY DIVIDED CAN GENERATE UNSATISFACTORY RESULTS, BECAUSE THERE CAN BE, IN AN ONLY RDO, CITIES WITH LACK OF ENERGY AND OTHERS FULLY SATISFIED. EVEN IN THOSE PLACES WHERE ENERGY IS SATISFACTORILY AVAILABLE, IT IS OBSERVED AN UNDER UTILIZATION OF THE INPUT DUE TO ITS PRODUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS. THE PLACED HYPOTHESIS IS THAT THERE ARE NO INDICATORS WHICH ASSIST ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE POLITICS THAT MAKE THEM EFFICIENT THROUGH TAKEN DECISIONS FOR THE INCREMENT OF THE USE OF ELECTRIC ENERGY. THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS WORK WAS TO PRESENT PARAMETERS FOR INDICATORS OF ELECTRIC ENERGY AND AGRICULTURE CATTLE FARMING PRODUCTION THAT CHARACTERIZE THE CONSUMPTION OF AGRICULTURAL ELECTRIC ENERGY, AS MUCH FOR RESIDENTIAL USE AS FOR NOT-RESIDENTIAL WAYS IN THE CITIES OF THE STATE OF SÃO PAULO THAT POSSESS FARMING ACTIVITY. THE STATE OF SÃO PAULO WAS DIVIDED INTO AREAS OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT OFFICES (RDO) THAT FOLLOW PRINCIPLES OF ADJACENT AREAS OF MUNICIPALITIES. THIS ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION MIGHT BE EFFICIENT TO THE ASSISTANCE FOR THE RURAL PRODUCER, HOWEVER, IN THE RURAL ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION ASPECT, THE RESOLUTIONS MAY HAVE INEFFICIENT PLACED EFFECTS. THE UTILIZED METHODOLOGY WAS THE CONSTRUCTION OF INDEXES THAT CHARACTERIZED THE ELECTRIC ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND THE AGRICULTURE AND CATTLE FARMING PRODUCTION AND AFTERWARDS THE CONSTRUCTION OF SIX HOMOGENEOUS GROUPS FORMED BY 606 MUNICIPALITIES OF THE STATE OF SÃO PAULO WHICH OWN AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY THROUGH WARD STATISTIC METHOD. SOME OBTAINED CONCLUSIONS WERE THOSE ON WHICH THE UTILIZATION OF GROUPS OF ADJACENT OR NON-ADJACENT MUNICIPALITIES WITH SIMILAR CHARACTERISTICS WOULD PRODUCE MORE SATISFACTORY RESULTS. THE PRESENTED PARAMETERS, WHEN OBSERVED THEIR AVERAGE VALUES, DEMONSTRATE CLEARLY THE DIFFERENCES AMONG CLUSTERS OF CITIES, WHICH ALLOW US TO CONCLUDE THAT THE PUBLIC POLICIES THAT CONSIDER ADJACENT AREAS MAY PRESENT UNSATISFACTORY RESULTS FOR THE RURAL ELECTRIFICATION. THE USE OF CLUSTERS OF ADJACENT OR NON ADJACENT CITIES, WITH SIMILAR CHARACTERISTICS, WOULD PRODUCE MORE SATISFACTORY RESULTS.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108604.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108604

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    Keywords: arâmetros; energia produtiva; suporte elétrico; Parameters; productive energy; electric support; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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