Vantagens Comparativas Reveladas E Orientação Regional Das Exportações Do Complexo Soja Brasileiro
AbstractO objetivo deste trabalho é analisar se o país apresenta Vantagens Comparativas Reveladas para as exportações de grão, farelo e óleo de soja e identificar a orientação regional das exportações de cada uma dessas commodities para os principais mercados consumidores. Para tanto, utilizou-se os Índices de Vantagens Comparativas Reveladas (IVCR) e de Orientação Regional (IOR). Os dados para o cálculo desses índices foram coletados junto ao Sistema de Análise das Informações de Comércio Exterior (ALICE), da Secretaria de Comércio Exterior (SECEX), que possui os dados de exportações brasileiras Free on Board (FOB) em dólares, à Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) e à Organização Mundial do Comércio (OMC). Os resultados indicaram que o país apresenta Vantagens Comparativas Reveladas para ambas as commodities e, no que tange à orientação regional, constatou-se que as exportações de grão estão fortemente orientadas para a União Européia e China, as do farelo para a União Européia e Tailândia e as do óleo de soja para China, Irã e Índia.------------------------------------------------------------The aim of this work is to analyze if the country demonstrates Revealed Comparative Advantages to the exportation of soybean grain, bran and oil and, to identify the Regional Orientation of each of these commodities exportation to the main consuming markets. To do so, we used the Revealed Comparative Advantage Index (RCAI) and the Regional Orientation Index (ROI). The data to the calculation of these indexes were collected from the Foreign Commerce Information Analysis System (ALICE), Secretary of Foreign Commerce (SECEX) which has the data of the Brazilian exportations Free on Board (FOB) in amount of dollars, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and, the World Trade Organization (WTO). The results indicate that Brazil demonstrates Revealed Comparative Advantages to both commodities and, in what refers to the regional orientation we could perceive that the grain exportations are highly oriented to the European Union and to China, the soybean bran to the European Union and Thailand and the soybean oil exportation to China, Iran and India.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108573.
Date of creation: Jul 2008
Date of revision:
omplexo Soja; Vantagens Comparativas Reveladas; Orientação Regional; Soybean Complex; Revealed Comparative Advantage; Regional Orientation; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade;
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