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Quais as Perspectivas da Produção de Biodiesel de Mamona no Nordeste Brasileiro?

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  • Vaz, Paulo Henrique Pereira De Meneses
  • Sampaio, Yony
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    Abstract

    O objetivo desse artigo é analisar as condições necessárias para o desenvolvimento do PNPB (Programa Nacional de Produção e Uso do Biodiesel) no nordeste brasileiro. A metodologia utilizada é essencialmente prospectiva, considerando o custo de oportunidade da produção de mamona para os agricultores familiares para avaliar como se comportam diante de variações de preço e produtividade da mamona, apontada como insumo mais adequado para o Biodiesel da região. Os resultados encontrados apontam para a necessidade de incrementos no nível de produtividade da cultura a fim de incentivar maior participação da agricultura tradicional. Há indícios de que uma média de produção próxima de 1ton/ha tornaria o plantio dessa oleaginosa viável para maior parte desses agricultores, contudo um acréscimo um pouco maior se faz necessário para tornar o biodiesel de mamona mais competitivo frente ao derivado de óleo de soja, assinalado como o mais apropriado para atender o programa no âmbito nacional.-----------The aim of this article is to analyze the necessary conditions for the development of the Programa Nacional de Produção e Uso de Biodiesel - PNPB in Brazilian Northeast. The methodology consider the opportunity cost of castor beans production for family farmers to assess how they react to variations in price and productivity of castor beans, identified as the most appropriate input to biodiesel in this region. Results show the need for increases in productivity in order to encourage greater participation of traditional farmers in the semi-arid. There is evidence that an average production close to one ton/ha turn production of castor beans viable for most of these farmers, however a higher increased is necessary to make biodiesel from castor beans competitive in relation to biodiesel obtained from soybeans, pointed as the most appropriate to meet the program at the national level.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108162.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108162

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Keywords: Mamona; Biodiesel; Produtividade; Agricultura familiar; viabilidade econômica; Castor beans; Biodiesel; Yield; Family agriculture; economic viability; Crop Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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