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Viabilidade Econômica Da Produção De Algodão, Soja E Cana-Deaçúcar No Estado De Goiás

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  • Alves, Lucilio Rogerio Aparecido
  • Ballaminut, Carlos Eduardo Carneiro
  • Osaki, Mauro
  • Ribeiro, Renato Garcia
  • Shiomi, Gustavo Massaharu
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    Abstract

    O objetivo deste trabalho é o cálculo da sustentabilidade de propriedades produtoras de soja, algodão e de cana-de-açúcar no Estado de Goiás, com base nos dados da safra 2006/07. Como a produção de cana-de-açúcar em Goiás apresentou crescimento expressivo nos últimos anos, questiona-se a relação desta cultura com as de soja e algodão. A análise será efetuada com base nos custos totais de produção, em nível de propriedade e não apenas de culturas isoladamente, cujos dados foram obtidos em coletas primárias de dados, através da técnica de painel. Os dados de soja e algodão são do estado de Goiás, para três grandes regiões, e os de cana-de-açúcar, da região oeste de São Paulo. Os resultados apontaram para rentabilidade positiva sobre os custos operacionais, mas retornos negativos sobre o custo total. Assim, as propriedades podem não ser sustentáveis no longo prazo. A cana-de-açúcar foi a cultura com o menor retorno de investimento em relação ao algodão e a soja. Além disso, o algodão foi a cultura mais rentável em duas das três propriedades analisadas, enquanto que a soja mostrou-se mais atrativa em apenas um dos três casos.---------------------------This work aims to calculate the sustainability of growing soybean, cotton and sugar cane in farms of Goiás State in the year of 2006/07. As the production of sugar cane in Goiás is rising in the last years, the introduction of this culture in the state has being questioned. The analysis will be done on the basis of total production costs in the farm, not just with the cultures separately. Data of soybean and cotton were taken from Goiás, which was shared in three great regions. Data of sugar cane was collected in Sao Paulo state. Results have pointed to positive returns on the operational costs, but negative returns on the total cost. Thus, the properties can not be sustainable in a long period. Sugar cane was the culture with worst return of investment in relation to cotton and soybean. Moreover, cotton had the best results in two of three analyzed properties, while soybean was more attractive in only one of the three cases.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 107883.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:107883

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Keywords: Algodão; soja; cana-de-açúcar; Goiás; sustentabilidade. Cotton; soybean; sugar cane; Goiás; sustainability.; Crop Production/Industries;

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