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Beneficios privados y beneficios sociales en la cadena de la manzana para la exportación en el Uruguay

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  • Rava, Catalina
  • Lanfranco, Bruno A.
  • Ferraro, Bruno
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    Abstract

    Este trabajo analizó el desempeño de la cadena exportadora de manzana para consumo en fresco, en Uruguay, mediante el método de la matriz de análisis de políticas (MAP). Se trabajó con la variedad Royal Gala, una de las más exportadas localmente por su temprana maduración y su buena aceptación en mercados de valor, como el europeo. Se cuantificaron los efectos de las políticas públicas (impuestos, subsidios, cargas sociales) y las eventuales fallas de mercado que afectan los distintos eslabones, estimándose las potenciales transferencias de recursos, desde o hacia la cadena. Primero se computaron los ingresos y costos en los distintos eslabones considerados: producción, transporte, procesamiento y empaque. Se calcularon los beneficios privados y sociales en toda la cadena, desde la chacra hasta el puerto. Los resultados mostraron un beneficio global de 347,57 US$/ton procesada para 2007. Los agentes privados involucrados en la cadena capturaron el 90% de este valor, dejando sobre la mesa 37,51 dólares por tonelada de manzana procesada, en forma de transferencias netas hacia otros sectores de la economía. En 2010, dicho beneficio disminuyó a 251,15 US$/ton. Los agentes privados se apropiaron del 68%, derivando en una transferencia neta de 80,58 US$/ton hacia el resto de la economía.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Instituto Nacional de Investigacion Agropecuaria (INIA) in its series Serie Tecnica with number 121682.

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    Date of creation: Jun 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:iniast:121682

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    Web page: http://www.inia.org.uy

    Related research

    Keywords: policy analysis matrix; production systems; economic efficiency; public policies; export markets; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Political Economy; Public Economics; D40; D61; E62; H20;

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