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The influence of migration processes on rural development: a case study from Scotland

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  • Bergmann, Holger
  • Thompson, Kenneth J.
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    Abstract

    In the past, much rural development planning has relied on the concept of growth poles. With the “new rural paradigm”, we find that place-specific development and bottom-up approaches have become more popular than ever. Such place-based development often envisages the use of social capital. However, insofar as social capital is a local asset that is incorporated in individuals, it can easily be destroyed but not easily rebuilt. Continued out-migration and low in-migration into rural areas can have detrimental effects on social capital, and subsequently weaken bottom-up processes in the short and medium term. This paper - based on a survey of 1412 persons in northern Scotland - suggests that intensified migratory processes destroy social capital in rural remote as well as in urban areas. The results show that not only does actual out-migration decrease the available stock of social capital but also that mere intentions to out-migrate do so as well. Insofar as social capital can be built or re-built only in the long term, policies are therefore needed that offer potential out-migrants place-specific opportunities and increase the rate of integration of in-migrants.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by European Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 118th Seminar, August 25-27, 2010, Ljubljana, Slovenia with number 94914.

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    Date of creation: Aug 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:eaa118:94914

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    Keywords: migration; social capital; rural Scotland; new rural paradigm; trust; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R23; R58; Z13; D71;

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