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The Seed Industry for Dryland Crops in Eastern Kenya

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  • Muhammad, Lutta
  • Njoroge, Kiarie
  • Bett, Charles
  • Mwangi, Wilfred
  • Verkuijl, Hugo
  • De Groote, Hugo

Abstract

The development and promotion of improved crop varieties as well as efficient seed production, distribution, and marketing systems have contributed significantly to increased agricultural production and food security in Kenya. However, these impacts have not been replicated in the semi-arid midlands due to climatic, soil, and institutional factors. Following the liberalization of agriculture in the late 1980s, there has been greater participation of the private sector, non-governmental organizations, and voluntary agencies in the area. This study examined the extent to which these developments affected farmers’ access to dryland crops. The study found that the low quantity of seed traded, high cost of production, and high seed supply prices constrained the development of local seed trade. It recommended developing and offering a range of varieties to farmers to increase demand, training to strengthen farmers’ capacity to manage seed on-farm, and reduction of high production and distribution costs through further research and institutional improvements. In addition, the “seed loans” model, which has been very effective in the area, should be strengthened.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center in its series Miscellaneous Reports with number 56108.

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Date of creation: Nov 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ags:cimmmr:56108

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Related research

Keywords: Agricultural situation; Seed industry; Seed production; Food security; Marketing; Production costs; Distribution costs; Private sector; Public sector; Farmers; Farming systems; Dry farming; Crop husbandry; Kenya; Crop Production/Industries; E16; F01;

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Cited by:
  1. Bernard, Munyua & Hellin, Jonathan & Nyikal, Rose Adhiambo & Mburu, John G., 2010. "Determinants for Use of Certified Maize Seed and the Relative Importance of Transaction Costs," 2010 AAAE Third Conference/AEASA 48th Conference, September 19-23, 2010, Cape Town, South Africa 96423, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE) & Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA).
  2. De Groote, Hugo & Owuor, George & Doss, Cheryl R. & Ouma, James Okuro & Muhammad, Lutta & Danda, Milton Kengo, 2005. "The Maize Green Revolution in Kenya Revisited," eJADE: electronic Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics, Food and Agriculture Organization, Agricultural and Development Economics Division, vol. 2(1).

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