The Effects of Agricultural Market Liberalization and Commercialization on Household Food Security in Rural China
AbstractChina underwent tremendous agricultural market reforms in the 1990s prior to its accession to the WTO, drastically decreasing domestic market distortions. We ask whether these reforms have led to agricultural commercialization and have improved the welfare of rural Chinese households measured by household average share of calories from non-staples. We identify the effect of local market liberalization by calculating the degree to which local markets reflect world prices. We find that farmers have commercialized in response to market liberalization and that particularly for food insecure households, commercialization has increased household nutrition. The commercialization of field crops and horticulture increases nutrition while the commercialization of livestock does not.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Agricultural and Applied Economics Association in its series 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington with number 124621.
Date of creation: 2012
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market liberalization; commercialization; food security; agriculture; China; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Development;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2012-06-25 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2012-06-25 (All new papers)
- NEP-TRA-2012-06-25 (Transition Economics)
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