Thailand Country Report
AbstractThailand is in the middle of the South East Asian mainland, with the Pacific Ocean on the south-east coast and the Indian Ocean on the south-west coast. Its land area is approximately 513,115 square kilometres, with great plains in the centre, mountainous areas up north and highlands in the north-east. It has a small economy, with GDP in 2009 of around US$243.9 billion (in 2000 US$ terms). In 2009, the population was 67.8 million and income per capita was around US$ 3,600. Thailand is an energy importer, especially crude oil, because of very limited domestic resources. Thailand’s indigenous energy resources include natural gas, coal (only lignite) and biomass. In 2009, proven reserves were 0.4 billion barrels (62 million cubic metres) of oil, 11.0 trillion cubic feet (0.3 trillion cubic metres) of natural gas and 1,239 million tonnes of lignite. Thailand’s total primary energy supply (TPES) was 100.3 Mtoe in 2009. Oil accounted for the largest share at around 29 percent, followed by natural gas (27 percent), coal (15 percent). Others accounted for the remainder (29 percent). In 2009, net imports of energy accounted for 51 percent of TPES. Due to very limited indigenous oil resources, Thailand imported around 80 percent of its crude oil and most of its bituminous coal. Although Thailand produces large quantities of natural gas, about 21 percent of its use was imported from Myanmar In Thailand, natural gas is used as a major energy source for power generation. In 2009, primary natural gas supply was 21.8 Mtoe, around 68 percent was from domestic supply with the rest imported from neighbouring countries. Coal was mainly consumed for power generation and by industry. In addition, it was also heavily used in cement and paper production. Thailand has 29.2GW of installed electricity generation capacity and power generation was about 147.4TWh in 2009. The majority of Thailand’s power is generation using thermal sources (coal, natural gas and oil), accounting for 91.2 percent of generation, followed by hydro (4.9 percent) and geothermal, solar, small hydro and biomass making up the remainder.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
This chapter was published in:
This item is provided by Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) in its series Chapters with number 2011-rpr-18-16.
Contact details of provider:
Postal: The ASEAN Secretariat Mezzanine Floor, 70A Jl.Sisingamangaraja, Jakarta 12110
Web page: http://www.eria.org/
More information through EDIRC
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Hiroshi Okasaki).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.