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Klimawandel und Energiesysteme: Verwundbarkeit und Anpassungsoptionen der Energiewirtschaft in Nordrhein-Westfalen

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  • Madry, Thomas
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    Abstract

    Der Klimawandel hat Einfluss auf zahlreiche Lebensbereiche des Menschen; darunter auch auf die Bereitstellung und Organisation von Energie. Bereits heute lassen sich für verschiedene Prozessstufen und Energiesysteme Auswirkungen der Veränderung des Klimas beobachten. Langanhaltende Hitzeperioden erhöhen die Nachfrage nach Elektrizität für Kühlungsgeräte und schränken gleichzeitig die Bereitstellung von Elektrizität ein, da Kühlwasser nicht in ausreichender Menge und Temperatur zur Verfügung steht. Häufigere Unwetter und Überschwemmungen gefährden Anlagen und Transportwege. Diese und weitere Einflüsse werden zukünftig zunehmen und durch neue ergänzt, so dass die Energiewirtschaft vor einer neuen Herausforderung steht. Entlang der Prozesskette der Energiebereitstellung wird gezeigt, welche Stufen gegenüber den Auswirkungen des Klimawandels verwundbar sind. Anhand von Anpassungsoptionen wird zudem dargestellt, wie resiliente Energiesysteme aufgebaut werden können, die gegenüber Klimaänderungen widerstandsfähig sind. -- Climate change affects many areas of human life; amongst others the provision and organization of energy. It is already possible to observe the effects of climate change for different process stages and power systems. Long-lasting heat waves increase the demand for electricity for cooling appliances and simultaneously delimit the provision of electricity, because cooling water is not available in sufficient quantity and temperature. Increasingly frequent storms and floods threaten infrastructure for power generation and transport. These and other effects will increase in future and be supplemented by new ones, so that the energy industry is facing a new challenge. Along the process chain of energy supply, it will be shown which steps are vulberable to the impacts of climate change. On the basis of adaption options it is also shown how resilient energy systems can be developed that are resistant to climate changes.

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    Bibliographic Info

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    This book is provided by Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy in its series Wuppertaler Studienarbeiten zur nachhaltigen Entwicklung with number 2 and published in 2011.

    Volume: 2
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wupstu:2

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    Web page: http://www.wupperinst.org/en/home/index.html

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