Strategic review of the fishery situation in Thailand
AbstractFisheries are an important source of animal protein for most of ThailandÃ†s population, particularly in provinces on or near the coast. Between 1978 and 1997 the per capita consumption of fish averaged 24 kgâ•–capita-1 annually. In 1995, about 535 210 people were involved in the fisheries sector and 44% of these were engaged in small scale marine capture fisheries. Since 1982, Thailand has faced problems with the development of marine capture fisheries and their over-exploitation which has increased fishery conflicts and disputes with neighboring countries. The Gulf of Thailand is the major fishing area of Thailand and in 1996, it contributed approximately 70% of the total marine catch in the country. The catch in the Gulf consisted of pelagic fish (33%), trash fish (32%), demersal fish (12%), squid and cuttlefish (6%), shrimps (5%), crabs (2%) and other fish (10%). However, demersal fish and some pelagic fish in the Gulf of Thailand have been over-exploited. This is due to a combination of factors including; increasing human population, increased pressure from Thai trawlers which have lost access to foreign fishing grounds after neighboring countries declared EEZs, development in fish processing techniques and increasing demand from animal feed producers that utilize trash fish. This paper provides a broad view of the fisheries situation in Thailand, focused mainly on the Gulf of Thailand. It covers aspects of the environment, the status of resources available, the socioeconomic situation, the existing framework for management and development, and also makes recommendations for government action to develop sustainable fisheries management. The main objectives proposed for improving fishery management are: (1) promote fishersÃ† and fisher organizationsÃ† participation in fishery development; (2) optimize fishery resources and their environment so as to be sustainable and equitable; (3) increase fishery products and stabilize fishersÃ† and processorsÃ† incomes; (4) progressively develop deep sea fisheries; (5) improve export competitiveness.
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Bibliographic InfoThis book is provided by The WorldFish Center in its series Working Papers with number 37762 and published in 2003.
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Fishery resources; Catch/effort; Population characteristics; Coastal fisheries; Marine fisheries; Ecosystems; Economic benefits; Fishery industry; Capture fishery economics; Fish consumption; Fishery policy; Legislation; Fishery management; Demersal fisheries; Pelagic fisheries; Cephalopod fisheries; Socioeconomic aspects; Surveys; Marketing; Fishery organizations; Fishing gear; Cephalopod fisheries; Trade; ISEW; Thailand;
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- Q00 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - General
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