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The Fertility Revolution

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  • Easterlin, Richard A.
  • Crimmins, Eileen M.
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    Abstract

    For most of human history a "natural fertility" regime has prevailed throughout the world: there has been almost no conscious limitation of family size within marriage, and women have spent their reproductive lives tied to the "wheel of childbearing." Only recently in developed countries has fertility been brought under conscious control by individual couples and childbearing fallen to an average of two births per woman. The explanation of this "fertility revolution" is the main concern of this book. Richard A. Easterlin and Eileen M. Crimmins present and test a fertility theory that has gained increasing attention over the last decade, a "supply-demand theory" that integrates economic and sociological approaches to fertility determination. The results of the tests, which draw on data from four developing countries—Colombia, India, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan—are highly consistent, though a number of the conclusions are likely to arouse controversy. For example, couples' motivation for fertility control appears to be the prime mover in the fertility revolution, rather than access to family planning services or unfavorable attitudes toward such services. The interdisciplinary approach and nontechnical exposition of this study will attract a wide readership among economists, sociologists, demographers, anthropologists, statisticians, biologists, and others.

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    Bibliographic Info

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    This book is provided by University of Chicago Press in its series University of Chicago Press Economics Books with number 9780226180298 and published in 1985.

    Edition: 0
    ISBN: 9780226180298
    Order: http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/isbn/9780226180298.html
    Handle: RePEc:ucp:bkecon:9780226180298

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    Web page: http://press.uchicago.edu

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    Cited by:
    1. Witcover, Julie & Vosti, Stephen A. & Lipton, Michael, 2006. "Agricultural Change and Population Growth: District-Level Evidence From India," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25443, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Bhargava, Alok & Chowdhury, Sadia & Singh, K.K., 2005. "Healthcare infrastructure, contraceptive use and infant mortality in Uttar Pradesh, India," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 388-404, December.
    3. Birner, Regina & Davis, Kristin & Pender, John & Nkonya, Ephraim & Anandajayasekeram, Ponniah & Ekboir, Javier & Mbabu, Adiel & Spielman, David & Horna, Daniela & Benin, Samuel & Cohen, Marc J., 2006. "From "best practice" to "best fit": a framework for designing and analyzing pluralistic agricultural advisory services worldwide," DSGD discussion papers 37, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Bruno Arpino & Arnstein Aassve, 2013. "Estimating the causal effect of fertility on economic wellbeing: data requirements, identifying assumptions and estimation methods," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 355-385, February.
    5. Alexis León, 2006. "The Effect of Education on Fertility: Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws," Working Papers 288, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Economics, revised Dec 2006.
    6. Arnstein Aassve & Abbi M. Kedir & Habtu Tadesse Woldegebriel, 2006. "State Dependence and Causal Feedback of Poverty and Fertility in Ethiopia," Discussion Papers in Economics 06/7, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
    7. Arnstein Aassve & Henriette Engelhardt & Francesca Francavilla & Abbi Kedir & Jungho Kim & Fabrizia Mealli & Letizia Mencarini & Stephen Pudney & Alexia Prskawetz, 2005. "Poverty and Fertility in Less Developed Countries: A Comparative Analysis," Discussion Papers in Economics 05/28, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
    8. Vosti, Stephen A. & Witcover, Julie & Lipton, Michael, 1994. "The impact of technical change in agriculture on human fertility: district-level evidence from India," EPTD discussion papers 5, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    9. repec:ese:iserwp:2007-27 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Lawrence Kazembe, 2009. "Modelling individual fertility levels in Malawian women: a spatial semiparametric regression model," Statistical Methods and Applications, Springer, vol. 18(2), pages 237-255, July.

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