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Sport as a Common Property Resource: A Solution to the Dilemmas of Doping

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  • Bird, Edward J.
  • Wagner, Gert G.

Abstract

The use of drugs in high-performance sports (doping) is a common pool resource (CPR) dilemma: regardless of the number of other athletes who dope, the athlete with strong tastes for victory will find doping optimal; yet if all athletes dope, they all bear negative health consequences, although each one's odds of victory are not greatly changed. The current regulatory approach relies entirely on centralized bureaucratic methods and is ineffective. The authors use insights developed in the common property resource literature and the theory of social norms to analyze the failure of these methods. The programs they propose—the drug diary and a collegial enforcement system—are superior to the current system in that they encourage the development of athletic norms against unfair drug use. In the end, such norms are the only hope for controlling doping, which is becoming increasingly difficult to observe. Empirical evidence shows that such norms against unobservable sports violations can be very powerful. Norms of conduct in golf, for example, successfully enforce that sport's many rules regulating unobservable aspects of play. --

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ZBW - German National Library of Economics in its journal EconStor Open Access Articles.

Volume (Year): (1997-12)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 749-766

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Handle: RePEc:zbw:espost:66050

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Keywords: Doping;

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Cited by:
  1. Berentsen, Aleksander, 2002. "The economics of doping," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 109-127, March.
  2. Ziebarth, Nicolas R. & Wagner, Gert G., 2013. "Top‐Down vs. Bottom‐Up: The Long‐Term Impact of Government Ideology and Personal Experience on Values," IZA Discussion Papers 7279, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Humphreys, Brad R. & Ruseski, Jane E., 2011. "Socio-economic determinants of adolescent use of performance enhancing drugs: Evidence from the YRBSS," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 208-216, April.
  4. Daniel Mueller, 2013. "The Doping Threshold in Sport Contests," Working papers, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel 2013/05, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel.
  5. Nicolas Eber, 2011. "Fair play in contests," Journal of Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 103(3), pages 253-270, July.
  6. Nicolas Eber, 2009. "Doping and Fair Play," Economic Analysis and Policy (EAP), Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Economics and Finance, vol. 39(3), pages 345-347, December.

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